Study in UK: The Ultimate Guide


Want to study in UK?

Welcome to our guide! If you’re considering tertiary education in Great Britain or Northern Ireland, this is your guide. Click the hyperlinks to find the required section, or simply read from start to finish!

Table of Contents

1) Overview of the UK: A Short Introduction
2) Overview of the UK as a Studying Destination (Tertiary Education)
3) After graduation
4) Other Useful links and tips

1) Overview of the UK: A Short Introduction

  • The UK has 76 cities. 55 of these are in England; eight more are in Scotland, seven in Wales and six in Northern Ireland.
  • Scotland is the birthplace of golf and curling.
  • Unsurprisingly, tea is the most popular beverage in Britain. Many consume multiple cups daily!


Culture, Weather and Money Matters

There’s more to the United Kingdom than gloomy weather! It’s also home to a diverse and multicultural population, gorgeous landscapes, nightlife and heritage spots. It’s a top destination for international students for various reasons, including its prestigious universities.

In the UK, the skies are often cloudy: don’t be surprised if you see students sunbathing on school grounds when the sun is out! You’ll get to experience all four seasons, and weather can be slightly unpredictable It is advisable to carry a compact umbrella around at all times just in case it begins to rain cats and dogs.

The GBP is currently stronger than the Singapore Dollar (SGD) at 1:0.62 as of the time of writing. The UK is battling record-high inflation and increased costs of living, and food and drink inflation have reached a 41-year high. According to news reports, basic essentials such as fruits and low-fat milk cost 10% and 48% more than they did in October 2021[1]. Soaring energy prices (electricity and gas, for example) is also something you’ll need to watch out for.

Popular Student Cities

Each city in the UK has a unique character and charm! Here are a few examples.

  • London

London is England’s capital city, and it’s a thriving one! It is home to landmarks such as Buckingham Palace, many green spaces, museums like the Tate Modern, a bustling theatre scene, numerous pubs and some of the biggest sports clubs in the UK. There is much to do, and you’ll never get bored. (If you do, though, it’s easy to travel to Europe or other parts of the UK via train, bus or plane).

The home of 23 universities — not counting universities with branches in London — London ranks as the UK’s top student city (1st globally) in QS Best Student Cities 2023[i], based on indicators such as affordability and student mix. It is the world’s leading financial hub and is a great place to explore media and professional services careers.

Eating out can be a little costly in this city known for its higher cost of living, so learning to cook will be beneficial.

  • Edinburgh

Edinburgh is Scotland’s capital city and a beautiful city with a medieval old town. It has a large student community which attends the University of Edinburgh, Queen Margaret University, Heriot-Watt University and Edinburgh Napier University. It is also the host of the world’s biggest arts and media festival, the Edinburgh Fringe Festival. Perhaps it’ll come as no surprise that Edinburgh is the world’s first UNESCO City of Literature!

Edinburgh ranks as the UK’s 2nd top student city (10th worldwide) in QS Best Student Cities 2023. Its leading industries include software & technology, financial services, tourism as well as film & television. The Royal Bank of Scotland and Cairn Energy have their headquarters here!

  • Glasgow

Glasgow is home to the Scottish Ballet and Scottish Opera, Scotland’s oldest museum (The Hunterian), Hampden Park (the Scottish national football team’s stadium) and some of the friendliest people in the UK (according to the 2022 Conde Nast Traveller Readers’ Choice Awards). The UNESCO City of Music also boasts a lower cost of living compared to other UK cities[ii], with Oxford taking the top spot.

Glasgow ranks as the UK’s third-best student city (25th worldwide) in QS Best Student Cities 2023.

  • Manchester

The second largest city in the UK, Manchester has a large international student population.

The vibrant and lively city has a lower cost of living compared to other major cities, and has a thriving music scene. Manchester ties with Glasgow as the UK’s third-best student city (25th worldwide) in QS Best Student Cities 2023. Its key sectors include advanced manufacturing, the creative and media sectors, the life science and healthcare sector, the finance and professional services sector, and more.

Manchester offers a free city shuttle service plying three routes: it stops at the train, Metrolink and bus stations, as well as popular destinations. How cool is that?

  • Cardiff

Cardiff is the capital city of Wales, and it’s a compact city compared to its UK counterparts. It is a charming blend of old and new, with many green spaces and plenty of beaches an hour’s drive away. It boasts a thriving media sector, which is set to become even stronger after newly announced plans to develop the city into a global media innovation hub[iii].

Cardiff is home to Cardiff University, the University of Wales, the Royal Welsh College of Music and Drama, and lastly, the Cardiff Metropolitan University. For more information on how to navigate student life in Cardiff, do check out this resource put together by the Cardiff Council and Cardiff universities.

  • Belfast

Belfast is the capital city of Northern Ireland and has a lower cost of living (and rent) for students in the UK. It has an active cultural and social scene, friendly people, and is relatively accessible. Belfast’s driving sectors are arts, higher education, business, law, and commerce — and Northern Ireland happens to be well known for its screen industry.

  • Coventry

An hour away from London and around thirty minutes away from Birmingham (also thirty minutes away from Stratford-upon-Avon!), Coventry was designated as the UK City of Culture in 2021. It is home to Coventry University and the University of Warwick. It has a large student population, thriving nightlife, and a rapidly modernising landscape due to recent regeneration projects.

Coventry also ranks as the UK’s fifth-best student city (40th worldwide) in QS Best Student Cities 2023.

2) Overview of the UK as a Studying Destination (Tertiary Education)

  • The UK is the second most popular study-abroad destination: International students made up 22% of its higher education enrolments in the academic year 2020/21 (605,130)[iv]
  • The top 5 universities popular with Singaporean students in AY 20/21 are the University College London (UCL), the Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, the London School of Economics and Political Science, The University of Cambridge, and King’s College London
  • In the latest Ranking of National Higher Education Systems (2020), the UK came in 6th[v].



The UK is home to over 170 higher education institutions and has many leading universities: 10 rank within the top 100 universities globally in the Times Higher Education World University Rankings[vi], and 17 in the QS World University Rankings[vii] (2023 edition). The top 10 for each ranking are listed below.

QS Times Higher Education
University Ranking University Ranking
1) University of Cambridge 2 1) University of Oxford 1
2) University of Oxford 4 2) University of Cambridge 3
3) Imperial College London =6 3) Imperial College London 10
4) UCL 8 4) UCL 22
5) University of Edinburgh 15 5) University of Edinburgh 29
6) University of Manchester 28 6) King’s College London 35
7) King’s College London 37 7) London School of Economics and Political Science 37
8) London School of Economics and Political Science 56 8) University of Manchester =54
9) University of Bristol =61 9) University of Bristol 76
10) University of Warwick 64 10) University of Glasgow =82


Curious about where fellow Singaporeans are studying at? According to the latest data from the Higher Education Statistics Agency[viii], these are the top 10 universities with the most Singaporean students (during AY 20/21):

  • UCL (575 students)
  • Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine (410 students)
  • London School of Economics and Political Science (375 students)
  • The University of Cambridge (365 students)
  • King’s College London (335 students)
  • University of London (330 students)
  • The University of Oxford (285 students)
  • The University of Edinburgh (240 students)
  • The University of Bristol (200 students)
  • University of Durham (185 students)

University Networks

Many universities are part of a network/grouping. These networks help them gain financial and reputational advantages, share best practices, increase collaborations across member institutions, and increase the depth and breadth of opportunities they can offer students.

For UK universities, the most well-known network is the Russell Group. The Russell Group is often described as the UK’s version of the Ivy League.

The Russell Group was formally incorporated in 2007 but first began meeting in 1994. It comprises 24 of the UK’s leading universities, which together, teach one-quarter of the UK’s undergraduate population. The universities also produce much of the UK’s world-leading (academic) research, so this is something you should take note of if you are looking into the postgraduate qualification with a research focus or research-heavy component.

Other networks or groupings in the UK you can read up about include the University Alliance and the N8 Research Partnership!

Areas of Specialisation

The universities of the United Kingdom are well known for their academic excellence and for offering a huge variety of courses (there’s even a degree in Applied Golf Management!)

Which field(s) are you keen to major in, and which UK university will help you gain an edge? Here are some to consider*:

Business: London Business School
London School of Economics and Political Science
University of Cambridge
University of Oxford
Computer Science: University of Oxford
University of Cambridge
Imperial College London
Dentistry: Queen’s University Belfast
Newcastle University
King’s College London
English Language and Literature: University of Oxford
University of Cambridge
Law: University of Cambridge
University of Oxford
London School of Economics and Political Science
Nursing: King’s College London
University of Glasgow
Performing Arts: Royal College of Music
University of Cambridge
University of Oxford
Psychology: University of Cambridge
University of Oxford


*Not an exhaustive or conclusive list, compiled with reference to the QS World University Rankings by Subject, Times Higher Education World University Rankings by Subject, and The Complete University Guide (2023).

A good way to decide would be to ask yourself these questions:

  • Does the university offer a course with modules in areas I’m fascinated about, or will it help my career plans?
  • Is the school located in a city/area that may help boost opportunities and prospects?
  • Does the university culture suit me?
  • If I am exploring a field requiring registration/certification, is the university’s degree recognised in my home country or by the relevant authorities? To practise law in Singapore, for example, you must possess law qualification(s) from one of the following universities:
Country Approved University Applicable Law Degree
United Kingdom University of Birmingham LL.B (Honours)
University of Bristol LL.B (Single Honours)
University of Cambridge B.A. Law
University of Durham LL.B (Honours)
King’s College, London, University of London LL.B (Honours)
London School of Economics and Political Science, University of London LL.B (Honours)
Queen Mary University of London LL.B (Honours)
University College, University of London LL.B (Honours)
University of Nottingham LL.B (Honours)
University of Oxford B.A. (Honours) Jurisprudence
University of Warwick LL.B (Honours)


Credits: Singapore Institute of Legal Education

Application affairs

a) University applications

Unlike other study-abroad destinations, the UK streamlines the university application process. Everyone applies through the Universities and Colleges Admissions Service (UCAS), listing the top 5 universities of their choice. You’ll have to submit a personal statement, and a reference provided by a teacher or someone who can vouch for your academic abilities. For mature students, you can approach your employer or supervisor.

b. Visa

To study in the UK, you will require the following to apply for a student visa (formerly known as a UK Tier 4 Visa):

  • Confirmation of Acceptance for Studies letter
  • A valid passport
  • Identification documents
    • Copy of birth certificate, passport, driver’s license, etc.
  • Proof of sufficient funds

In light of processing times, do apply for the visa as soon as you are able! The UK outsources visa application matters to VFS Global, and the earliest you can apply would be three months before your course begins.

Can I work while studying?

Here’s the good news: yes, you can! International students studying undergraduate level and above are allowed to work 20 hours per week during the semester and unlimited hours during school holidays. If you are studying a foundation course, you can work 10 hours weekly.

You will not be able to, however, take up freelance work or be self-employed. You are also disallowed from becoming a professional sportsperson or entertainer.


Before you head to the United Kingdom, try applying for some scholarships to reduce the financial strain and gain additional opportunities. Some public and private organisations offer study abroad scholarships to deserving individuals, while many UK universities have scholarships for international students. Make sure to do some research in advance so that you don’t miss their application dates!

Check out some scholarships below.

Scholarship Details
GREAT Scholarships


  • Covers £10,000 towards tuition fees for specified courses at selected UK universities. For AY22-23, scholarship awardees were required to study a climate change-related course
  •  Jointly funded by the UK government’s GREAT Britain Campaign and the British Council, open to postgraduate candidates
  • Application period varies
Chevening Scholarships
  • UK Government’s international scholarship program that funds one-year master’s degrees
  • At least two years of work experience
  • Fully funded (inclusive of flights and accommodation)

   3) After graduation

  • UK workers typically get 28 days of annual leave (this may include public holidays), and have a 35-hour work week.
  • Under UK law, employees are allowed to request flexible working arrangements (such as working from home). However, employers have the final say, and you must have worked for an organisation for at least 26 weeks.
  • The UK has a drinking culture, and some industries have a booze culture, but things may be changing with the times.


Post Work-Study Visas

Keen on experiencing UK working culture? You’ll be happy to know that there are a few interesting visas on offer! We list the options open to you below (and one you may be eligible for if you decide to study in Singapore).

Stream: Details: Requirements:
1) High Potential Individual visa
  • At least 2 years stay (3 years with PhD or other doctoral qualification)
  • 3 weeks processing time from application
  • You must graduate with a degree from an eligible university, awarded within the last 5 years. This list comprises top universities worldwide (NTU and NUS make the list).
2) Skilled Worker visa (formerly Tier 2 visa)
  • 5 years stay (Family can come along as dependants if eligible)
  • 3 weeks processing time
  • You can apply for an extension upon expiry
  • Proficiency in English
  • Work for a UK employer that’s been approved by the Home Office
  • Have a ‘certificate of sponsorship’ from your employer
  • Have an eligible occupation
  • Be paid a minimum salary
3) Health and Care Worker visa Family can come along as dependants if eligible

  • 3 weeks processing time
  • You can apply for an extension upon expiry
  • Be a qualified doctor, nurse, health professional or adult social care professional
  • Work in an eligible health or social care job
  • Proficiency in English
  • Work for a UK employer that’s been approved by the Home Office
  • Have a ‘certificate of sponsorship’ from your employer
  • Have an eligible occupation
  • Be paid a minimum salary
4) Graduate visa
  • At least 2 years stay (3 years with PhD or other doctoral qualification)
  • Apply before your student visa expires, and when still in the UK


4) Other Useful links and tips

Ready to study in UK? if it’s a yes, here are some tools and links that may help your planning!

City Guides from UCAS
Scholarship compilation (UK govt list)

The UK is wonderful to study in, and we hope you will have a fruitful student life there. We wish you all the best in your educational pursuits!


16 AI courses to help you learn the new skill of the century

Speaking of AI, do you think it’s is just a passing trend that’ll soon fade, with no real longevity to the many AI courses in Singapore nowadays?

Surely not! Quite evidently, from healthcare to transport, AI has already entered our daily lives and is here to stay. If anything, it’ll only grow more pervasive: for example, Meta shared how AI could possibly translate Hokkien to English[i]! In fact, AI apprenticeships in Singapore is set to increase, and three new centres of innovation for AI are in the pipeline[ii].  

And so, if you want to pick up some AI skills in light of this information, you’re in luck! There are many avenues in Singapore for you to do so, with plenty of courses to pursue. And right here already are some that may be of interest!

All course fees are for 2021/22 intakes unless specified, and are subject to changes depending on the school; fees do not include miscellaneous fees. Do note that this is a non-exhaustive list!





1. SIM General Education – Bachelor of Science (Honours) in Computer Science (Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence)

This degree is fully taught and awarded by the University of London, UK. It will be fully taught by the university’s faculty via Coursera’s online education platform, with SIM GE lecturers serving as learning facilitators. Students will be take specialist modules in their final year and get to explore directions they have developed an interest in through specialist elective modules such as Games Development and Virtual Reality.

Programme Duration: Three years, full-time

Accreditation: SIM General Education is EduTrust certified.

Curriculum: Study modules such as Discrete mathematics, Agile software projects, Software design and development, as well as specialist modules such as Natural language processing and Virtual reality

Course Fees: SGD 40,080 (approximate)

Prospects: Potential roles for graduates include Machine Learning Engineer and Systems Analyst.


1. Lithan Academy – Professional Diploma in Artificial Intelligence

Learn Python Machine Learning programming, statistical modelling, Azure Machine Learning models in JupyterNotebook, Deep Learning and Natural Language processing(NLP) to define the next generation of Artificial Intelligence solutions and make inferences from knowledge.

Through their training programme, you will learn the skills relevant to your work. Coupled with real-world projects which are mentored by industry experts, you will be able to perform on the first day of your job upon the completion of your training.

Programme Duration:  6 months full-time, 9 months part-time

Curriculum: Introduction to Python and AI for Data Science, Applied Machine Learning, Advanced Techniques in Data Analytics, Deep Learning Foundations, Reinforcement Learning Foundations, Develop Applied AI Solutions. 

Course Fees: 
S$ 18,000 (excluding misc. Fees);
S$ 5,778.00 after SkillsFuture Funding (with GST);
S$ 2,178.00 after SkillsFuture Mid-Career Enhanced Subsidy (SFMCES, with GST);

Job Placement Assistance :  Help 500 locals (Singaporeans & PRs) found their dream careers every year.

Prospects: You will receive a Professional Diploma in Artificial Intelligence by Lithan Academy as well as multiple statements of attainment by SkillsFuture Singapore. Becoming an AI developer.

View other diploma courses list:

Newly launched in 2021, you will learn how to develop chatbots, use machine learning and deep learning algorithms, and more in this course. You will also get to hone your skills in the TP-Nvidia AI Technology Centre, which is currently the only centre of its kind to be set up in a Polytechnic.

Programme duration: Three years, full-time

Curriculum: Study modules like Cloud Technologies, Deep Learning and Object Recognition, Computational Thinking, AI Essentials, as well as Database Application Development

Course fees: SGD 2,987.50 for Singaporeans <40, SGD 6,117.50 for Permanent Residents, and SGD 11,150.70 for international students

Prospects: Potential roles for course graduates include AI or machine learning engineers, application developers and data analysts.

Tired of searching and comparing various AI course?

Short Courses

1. Singapore Management University – SMU Certificate in Artificial Intelligence

This intermediate-level course caters to executives and is available fully online. It is taught by investor and serial entrepreneur Joel Ko, the co-founder of technology investment company Deepbase AI and affiliate faculty of SMU. SMU advises that you take the ‘Artificial Intelligence: A Layman’s Approach’ course, have basic coding experience and be comfortable with basic level algebra before signing up for this executive programme.

Programme Duration: Five days (9am-5pm)

Curriculum: The certificate programme comprises two modules: they are Building AI Capability with Basic Coding for Business and Mastering Machine Learning with Coding.

Course Fees: SGD 1,605 for Singaporeans aged 40 and below. Fees can go as low as SGD605.00 after maximum funding. The full fee for the course is SGD 5,350.00, and it is SkillsFuture credit claimable.

Prospects: You will receive Certificates of Participation upon successful completion of the course.

View other short courses list:

2. ITE-Intel® AI For Citizens:A Global AI Public Awareness Program

This self-paced course is free to Singaporeans and was developed by Intel. Its content is suitable for those with no knowledge of AI and is hosted on the Gnowbe self-learning platform. All course-takers will be awarded personalized, shareable and printable badges (one per track) after successfully completing in-course quizzes.

Programme duration: Four hours

Curriculum: Two tracks called AI Aware and AI Appreciate.

Course fees: Free

Prospects: NA

3. Ngee Ann Polytechnic (CET Academy)Artificial Intelligence in Finance (Online course)

The first-industry led course for AI in Finance, this online course comprises video lectures by senior lecturers, readings and video interviews from industry experts. There are a total of 19 modules and you will have to complete a quiz after each one. There will be online discussion forums that let you discuss learnings and insights with fellow course takers. You do not need to have prior knowledge in AI to take this course, although some knowledge in fintech will be helpful.

Programme duration: 10-12 hours, self-paced

Curriculum: Four topics, with a total of 19 modules. The four topics in question are An Industry Overview of AI, AI Technologies, Implementing AI in an Enterprise, and Applications of AI in Finance respectively.

Course fees: SGD 108.90-963.00 (full fee)

Prospects: You will complete the course with a Certificate of Completion of “Artificial Intelligence in Finance”.


1. Nanyang Polytechnic – Specialist Diploma in Applied Artificial Intelligence

Nanyang Polytechnic’s Specialist Diploma in Applied Artificial Intelligence will cover AI concepts and practical AI skills, with the goal of producing graduates who are able to solve real-world problems.

Programme Duration: 19 weeks long (6:30-9:30pm, three times weekly)

Curriculum: The course comprises two PDCs. The first is the PDC in AI Foundation and Machine Learning, made up of the Introduction to Artificial Intelligence, Data Science Foundation, Essentials of Machine Learning, Machine Learning Algorithms and a Machine Learning Project. The second is the PDC in Deep learning and AI Applications, made up of Foundations of Deep Learning, Deep Learning Networks, AI Application with Deep Learning, Application Development using AI services and a Deep Learning Project.

Course Fees: SGD 1,093.00 for Singaporeans < 40, SGD 728.70 for Singaporeans ≥ 40 and above, and SGD 2,914.70 for Permanent Residents. SME-sponsored Singapore Citizens & Permanent Residents will have to pay SGD 752.50 and SGD 871.70 respectively. The full course fee is SGD 7,286.70.

Prospects: Course takers will be presented with a Specialist Diploma qualification upon successful completion of the course.

View other Graduate/Postgraduate courses list:

This diploma caters to fresh graduates and working professionals with a Polytechnic diploma in a technology-related field. You will be assessed via class participation, class tests, assignments and projects.

Programme Duration: One year, part-time, twice-weekly (7-10pm)

Curriculum: The course comprises two PDCs. The first is the PDC in Machine Learning in AI, made up of the Principles of Machine Learning and the Machine Learning Solutions Development modules. The second is the PDC in Deep Learning AI, made up of the Principles of Deep Learning and Deep Learning Solutions Development modules. This course is SkillsFuture credit claimable.

Course Fees: SGD 436.56 for Singaporeans < 40, SGD 295.32 for Singaporeans ≥ 40 and above, and SGD 1,168.44 for Permanent Residents. SME-sponsored Singapore Citizens & Permanent Residents will have to pay SGD 304.56. The full course fee is SGD 2,914.68.

Prospects: Entry-level positions such as Application Developers

Nanyang Polytechnic’s Specialist Diploma in Applied Artificial Intelligence will cover AI concepts and practical AI skills, with the goal of producing graduates who are able to solve real-world problems.

Programme Duration: 19 weeks long (6:30-9:30pm, three times weekly)

Curriculum: The course comprises two PDCs. The first is the PDC in AI Foundation and Machine Learning, made up of the Introduction to Artificial Intelligence, Data Science Foundation, Essentials of Machine Learning, Machine Learning Algorithms and a Machine Learning Project. The second is the PDC in Deep learning and AI Applications, made up of Foundations of Deep Learning, Deep Learning Networks, AI Application with Deep Learning, Application Development using AI services and a Deep Learning Project.

Course Fees: SGD 1,093.00 for Singaporeans < 40, SGD 728.70 for Singaporeans ≥ 40 and above, and SGD 2,914.70 for Permanent Residents. SME-sponsored Singapore Citizens & Permanent Residents will have to pay SGD 752.50 and SGD 871.70 respectively. The full course fee is SGD 7,286.70.

Prospects: Course takers will be presented with a Specialist Diploma qualification upon successful completion of the course.

According to the course page, this specialist diploma caters to working adults and will teach course takers how to “apply machine-learning algorithms to design and develop intelligent software applications and cognitive products”. It will teach foundational training in data science, before going into specialised skill sets in the areas of Applied Machine Learning and AI Interfaces.

Programme Duration: One year, part-time (evenings)

Curriculum: The course comprises two PDCs. The first is the PDC in Fundamentals of Data Science, made up of the Introduction to Statistics for Data Science and the Introduction to Programming for Data Science modules. The second is the PDC in Artificial Intelligence, made up of the Applied Machine Learning and AI Human Interface modules.

Course Fees: SGD 983.70 for Singaporeans < 40, SGD 655.80 for Singaporeans ≥ 40 and above, and SGD 2,623.21 for Permanent Residents. SME-sponsored Singapore Citizens & Permanent Residents will have to pay SGD 677.25 and SGD 784.51 respectively. The full course fee is SGD 6,558.03. This course is SkillsFuture credit claimable.

Prospects: Course takers will be presented with a Specialist Diploma qualification upon successful completion of the course, and will also be eligible for credit exemptions on SUTD’s ModularMasters in Data Science programme.

This diploma is offered as both a specialist diploma and a Work-Study Post-Diploma. It covers both AI theory and practicum, such as the application of recommender systems and how to use tools like Raspberry Pi.

Programme Duration: 270 hours (approximately one year)

Curriculum: The course comprises two PDCs. The first is the PDC in Fundamentals of Artificial Intelligence, made up of the Math for Machine Learning, Introduction to Programming, Introduction to Data Management for Machine Learning and the Machine Learning Fundamentals modules. The second is the PDC in Artificial Intelligence, made up of the Pattern Recognition & Anomaly Detection, Recommender Systems, Virtual Assistants and Capstone Project modules.

Course Fees: SGD 1,213.38 for Singaporeans < 40, SGD 808.92 for Singaporeans ≥ 40 and above, and SGD 3,264.57 for Permanent Residents. SME-sponsored Singapore Citizens & Permanent Residents will have to pay SGD 835.38. This course is SkillsFuture credit claimable.

Prospects: According to Republic Polytechnic, career opportunities for course graduates include the AI Engineer, Application Developer and Machine Learning Engineer roles.

AI Singapore is a national research and innovation programme launched by the National Research Foundation (NRF). It offers AI training and learning courses for everyone interested in developing AI literacy and capabilities. Professionals can benefit from various free courses and Corporate Memberships for organisations, while students can participate in the Student Outreach Programme that offers opportunities to acquire course certifications and a paid internship opportunity with the organisation.

Programme Duration: Dependent on chosen course

Accreditation: NA

Curriculum: Dependent on chosen course

Course Fees: Free, but premium courses are available. You must purchase a Premium membership (annual).

Prospects: AI enthusiasts can consider applying for the AI Apprenticeship Programme (AIAP®)

7. Singapore Management University – 5-Day AI Bootcamp

An intermediate-level course catering to professionals looking to pick up applied deep learning techniques, this bootcamp helps you grasp the fundamentals of AI and machine learning. SMU Academy (SMU’s professional training arm) has partnered with WeCloudData, Canada’s leading data and AI training company, to offer this course, and course will be awarded a digital Certificate of Completion.

Programme Duration: 5 days (9am–5pm on weekdays)

Accreditation: NA

Curriculum: Machine Learning, Deep Learning, Active Learning, Natural Language Processing

Course Fees: SGD5350.00 (as low as SGD605.00 after relevant funding or subsidies). This course is SkillsFuture Credit claimable.

8. Nanyang Technological UniversityMaster of Science in Artificial Intelligence (MSAI)

This is a Master of Science by coursework. Students will be taught by faculty from the NTU

School of Computer Science and Engineering (SCSE), and other disciplines, on how to use AI theory techniques and tools to solve real world problems. There will be hands-on projects to help you reinforce your learning, and chances to work with AI faculty members for research or industrial related projects.

To enrol, you will require a degree-level qualification in computer science, computer engineering or a related discipline.

Programme Duration: 1 year full-time, 2 years part-time

Accreditation: NA

Curriculum: Core courses such as Deep Learning and Applications and Mathematics for AI, elective courses such as AI for IOT Data and AI for Image and Video Processing

Course Fees: SGD 39,000 for Singaporeans, SGD 46,500 for Permanent Residents and SGD 58,000 for International students. NTU alumni will enjoy a one-time grant giving them 10% off tuition fees.

Prospects: Graduates can explore careers as Machine Learning Engineers, Data Scientists, Business Intelligence Developers and more

The Bachelor of Science with Honours in Applied Artificial Intelligence is suitable for individuals exploring the implementation of AI within software systems. It provides students with knowledge in Core-Software Engineering, Core-Machine Learning and Professional Skills.

Programme Duration: 3 years full-time

Accreditation: NA

Curriculum: Study modules such as Web Systems and Technologies, Artificial Intelligence in Business and Society, Computer Vision and Deep Learning as well as Database Systems. There will also be an eight-month Integrated Work Study Programme (IWSP) and a capstone project.

Course Fees: SGD 22,500.00 for Singaporeans,  SGD 47,160.00 for Permanent Residents, SGD 63,558.00 for International Students and SGD 96,879.00 for others

Prospects: Explore careers as an AI Engineer, Machine Learning Engineer, Data Engineer (Machine Learning Specialist) or AI Application Engineer

10. Aventis Graduate SchoolMaster of Science in Artificial Intelligence

Awarded by London Metropolitan University, the Master of Science in Artificial Intelligence is a fully online programme. Classes are held on the weekends, with each module lasting two consecutive full weekends from 9:30am–5:30pm.

The programme caters to C-level executives, with coursework consisting of written reports, practical and research assignments, demonstrations, presentations, group work, and examinations.

Programme Duration: 12 months part-time

Accreditation: Aventis Graduate School is EduTrust Certified, and is also a member of the  Executive MBA Council as well as the AACSB International Business Education Alliance.  

Curriculum: Study 6 modules in Artificial Intelligence, Cloud Computing and the Internet of Things, Data Warehousing and Big Data, Information Security, Machine Learning, and Semantic Technologies. There will be an academic dissertation component.

Course Fees: SGD 24,800 (pre-GST)

Prospects: Aventis has an industry partnership with SGInnovate

Jointly run by the NTU School of Computer Science and Engineering and the NTU School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, the Bachelor of Science in Data Science and Artificial Intelligence is a direct honours programme that allows students to develop solutions for different areas, ranging from science and technology to environmental sustainability.

NTU ranked sixth globally for Computer Science in the 2022-2023 US News and World Report’s Best Global Universities, and is the top university for AI research and citation impact. NTU was part of the team that launched the TR 99:2021 AI Security standard in 2021.

Programme Duration: 4 years full-time

Accreditation: NA

Curriculum: Study modules revolving around machine learning, data analysis and mining, discrete mathematics, software engineering,  Algorithm Design and Analysis, and more

Course Fees: SGD 22,500.00 for Singaporeans,  SGD 47,160.00 for Permanent Residents, SGD 63,558.00 for International Students and SGD 96,879.00 for others

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Are Ergonomic Equipment Upgrades Necessary?


Ergonomic equipment is designed to help people maintain correct posture and alignment while performing their daily work tasks, which greatly reduces the risk of injuries while improving comfort levels.

If you are a student or young working adult who spends long hours hunched over textbooks while sitting at uncomfortable desks, you probably suffer from back pain, neck pain, and other problems stemming from poor posture.

Good news! Ergonomic equipment could be an effective solution to those problems.

4 Reasons to Upgrade to Ergonomic Equipment

Ergonomic equipment such as posture-supporting office chairs, adjustable computer monitors, and ergonomic keyboards offer four major benefits to workers and students.

These include:

Pain Alleviation

Ergonomic equipment is designed to minimize pain by optimizing workstation design and adjusting equipment to fit the user.

Properly designed ergonomic equipment can help reduce the pain caused by musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) and other common work-related injuries.

Therefore, if you are currently experiencing pain due to an uncomfortable work or study environment, then you should strongly consider upgrading your work tools to a more ergonomic design.

Lower Risk of Injuries

By using equipment that is designed to minimize strain and fatigue, you can lower your risk of developing conditions like carpal tunnel syndrome, tendonitis, and even musculoskeletal disorders.

In fact, studies have shown that using ergonomic equipment can help reduce the incidence of work-related injuries by as much as 75 percent.

If you can maintain a correct posture and alignment while studying and working, your risk of injury caused by poor posture and excessive force due to poor work equipment will be greatly reduced. So why not invest in a good ergonomic chair? The major brands such as Ergotune, Herman Miller and Secretlab all hold sales once in a while!

Increased Productivity

Ergonomic equipment can help increase productivity by increasing comfort and reducing fatigue.

When you feel more comfortable and supported, your productivity naturally increases. In addition, ergonomic equipment will also help reduce future absenteeism at school or work since your likelihood of injury will be decreased.

Better Grades

Improved posture can lead to better focus and concentration, which in turn can help you increase your grade point average (GPA).

A recent study found that 56 percent of students who sat up straight found it easier to complete their exams.

With ergonomic equipment, you won’t have to struggle to keep your back and neck in full alignment as the keyboards, mouse, and chairs you are using and sitting in automatically do that for you, thus allowing you to fully concentrate on the task at hand.

4 Essential Ergonomic Pieces of Equipment for Students in Singapore

It’s no secret that college students in Singapore are some of the hardest-working students in the world.

On average, college students in Singapore study over 50 hours per week — 28.6 hours in school and 22.2 hours at home.

While this strong work ethic is one of the main factors that has led to Singapore’s top international rankings in math and science, it has also been one of the contributing factors that lead to physical and mental health disorders in Singaporean students.

To take some of the unhealthy side effects of long study and work hours off of you, the following four pieces of ergonomic equipment are suggested.

A Standing Desk

When standing, your spine is in a neutral position, which will take the pressure off of your back and prevent unnecessary back pain.

Another benefit of standing while working or studying is that you can burn more calories than if you were sitting. Since you have no choice but to stand at a standing desk, you can automatically offset the effects of any harmful sedentary lifestyle habits you may have picked up while pursuing your studies or career.

Studies have also shown that people who use standing desks are more productive than those who sit at traditional desks, so your work rate will most likely improve as well if you upgrade to a standing position.

An Ergonomic Chair

Ergonomic chairs are chairs that are designed to fit the contours of your body and provide support in all the right places.

These chairs provide three main benefits: back pain reduction, improved posture, and increased blood circulation.

The latter might be of particular importance to you if you are currently a student since improved blood flow brings more energy and oxygen to the brain. With more oxygen flowing around your gray matter, you will experience increased mental energy which will cause you to think better and faster.

Ergonomic Keyboard & Mouse

Ergonomic keyboards and mouses are designed to reduce strain on the hands, wrists, and arms. They can also help you stay more comfortable while working long hours at a computer.

Both these ergonomic tools also provide other health and functional benefits such as preventing carpal tunnel syndrome, improving posture, and increasing productivity by making it easier to type or click on images and icons.

Display Set (Computer Monitor)

Ergonomic computer monitors help improve posture, reduce eye strain, and prevent neck and back pain.

They usually come with a variety of features that can make your workstation more comfortable and productive.

The most common ones include an adjustable height, a swivel base, and a tilt function, all of which provide the perfect viewing angle at multiple ranges.

With the four ergonomic essentials listed above, you can study comfortably for longer hours without adding strain to your body or mind.

4 More Tips to Make Your Workstation More Ergonomic

While using the ergonomic equipment mentioned in the last section will make your office, home, or school workstation more ergonomic, there are some other things you can do to increase their benefits and functions.

Apply the following four tips and see what a difference it makes in your study and work output.

  1. Push your hips as far back in your chair as possible to align your spinal column even further.
  2. Pull up closer to the keyboard so that it is directly in front of your body to limit overreaching and causing strain to your arms.
  3. Center your monitor about an arms-length away from your body at eye level so you are not looking too far down or too far up and not straining your eyes and neck.
  4. Take a one to two-minute stretch break every 30 to 40 minutes while working or studying as this will give your body a chance to rest and recharge.

Do keep these tips in mind, on top of using your ergonomic equipment, to ensure a healthier and more productive study and work environment!

Applying for Exchange at NUS: Factors to Consider


If you have ever wanted the opportunity to study at another university, look no further! NUS offers the chance through the student exchange programme (SEP). With the SEP, students can apply for a placement at another university, both within Singapore and overseas, and students can have the opportunity to study there for a whole semester (approximately 6 months)!

However, many students are unfamiliar with the system, and often have many questions about how to decide on a university or country, or whether they should even undertake the SEP in the first place. Hopefully, this article will serve as a guide for you on the factors to consider when you apply for a student exchange.

I will cover three topics: 1) why you might want to consider an SEP; 2) local SEP; and 3) overseas SEP. And so, let’s jump into why you might want a SEP!

1. Why SEP?

There are many reasons why you might want to go on exchange. One would be that it freezes your CAP (or GPA). Now, what exactly does this mean? Let me explain. Under normal circumstances, in university, your grades accumulate every semester and the grade you receive for each module is included in the calculation of your CAP score. For example, if you score A+ for everything, you get a higher CAP as compared to scoring B+.

However, when you go on an exchange, the modules are pass-fail. This means that the actual grade does not matter — you only need to be concerned about passing. The grades for modules taken during an exchange programme will not be calculated, and your CAP will not be affected by the semester. However, the module credits will still count towards your course. This means that you can fulfill your course requirements while taking harder modules, without the fear of your CAP going down!

Another factor would be the interesting modules offered. Regardless of whether the exchange university is local or overseas, the modules offered are much more interesting and engaging than those in your university. They have a larger variety, and many of the modules listed cannot be directly linked back to a module code in your university. This means that they teach topics that are not offered in your university, allowing you to increase learning!

A final factor would be cost. When considering an SEP, you can also consider how much money is required. Cost can help you choose between a local and overseas SEP, since overseas universities tend to have higher costs than local universities.

One additional consideration relevant to overseas SEP would be the longing to experience a different country and culture. It is no secret that Singapore is far too small, and it can be refreshing to go to an entirely new country and gain exposure to the world.

As mentioned previously, there are two kinds of SEP: local and overseas. Under both categories, there are factors to consider before you make your final decision.

2. Local SEP

For a local SEP, the main consideration is most likely the type of module you wish to take. Since you will be in Singapore, other factors such as the country of the university clearly do NOT apply.

You need to know the strengths and weaknesses of each university in terms of the major. For example, for psychology, NTU is known to be stronger in research than NUS and SMU. So if you wish to learn more research-based topics, NTU is a prime university.

An additional factor to consider can possibly be the location of the university — I believe NTU is well-known for being located extremely far away. It’s even referred to by NTU students as ‘Pulau NTU’!

Other than that, I don’t think there is anything else you need to consider. However, one important thing to note is that priority for a local SEP will be given to senior students and those who have failed a previous SEP global application (at least, for NUS).

3. Overseas SEP

For an overseas SEP, there are obviously a lot more factors to consider, and the most important criterion differs from person to person.

For example, I know of some students who immediately rule out certain countries due to either safety reasons or parental restrictions. They are either more concerned about their safety in a country like the United States or have parents that do not want them to attend university there. Thus, any US placement is automatically ruled out.

Others tend to choose by country — for example, some students enjoy visiting the UK and thus focus on choosing an institution within the country. When choosing a country, common factors people consider tend to be safety, language (ensure that the modules are taught in English), the tourist attractions (such as food, the things to do there, etc.) and cost.

For cost, some countries have a higher exchange rate than others (e.g., US, UK versus China, Korea, Japan), and so some people tend to choose the cheaper countries to save on finances. Although this is not an exhaustive list, these are some of the things you too can consider when picking a country.

Personally, the best way to choose is by considering the modules offered. My method was to go down the list of modules, have a rough idea of the topics of interest, and see which university offers them. For example, I am not particularly interested in topics such as gender studies, and do not wish to take any module already offered in NUS. Those topics were automatically ruled out.

The topics I was interested in included anything relating to children, the family, or the law, so any module along those lines was a possibility for me. Additionally, when doing module mapping, you need to ensure that you can reliably list down five possible modules you wish to take. Thus, I needed to find a university that provided five modules within my scope of interest.

Also note that when submitting your SEP plan (for NUS), you need to identify five different universities, and for each university five potential modules you wish to take. And while this may sound simple, you will soon find that scrolling through the long list of possible universities and seeing the long list of potential modules offered can be tiresome. Additionally, it can be difficult sometimes to identify five universities, especially when certain countries are ruled out.

For example, although the US provides many interesting modules, some of my friends had no choice but to rule out the country. However, this left them with limited options. Some countries offer less-interesting modules, or similar content taught in NUS. Others offer so few modules that there was no point in choosing them.

While you decide which factor to prioritize, keep in mind that the criteria you choose can limit your options.

To sum it up, here are the steps to decide on a SEP:

  • Decide if you want an SEP in the first place
  • Decide if you want it local or overseas
  • For either, you have certain factors to consider when choosing your university. Prioritize the factor(s) that you want, and select the university based on that

See? Not that hard! Anyways, hope this helped! See you in the next article.

Top 8 universities in Australia for Singapore students


Contemplating an undergraduate degree abroad? Studying overseas is an eye-opening experience — the exposure to different cultures and ways of learning is priceless. Luckily for us, there are highly reputed universities a mere five to seven-hour flight away from Singapore!

Enter Australia — as well as a stellar education, you’ll get to experience four seasons, its iconic beaches and its laidback lifestyle. Plus, with budget airlines like Scoot and Jetstar, home visits are relatively inexpensive.

The country is home to 43 universities offering a wide variety of courses. You can study anything from accounting and finance to environmental science and physiotherapy! But with so many institutions to choose from, the process of selecting a university in another country can be stressful, and you might feel a little bit uncertain. To clarify things, here’s a guide to the top universities in Australia, which make up the Group of Eight coalition, their rankings, and the disciplines they’re best known for!

If you’re looking for an overview of Australia as a study-abroad destination, or want to know what the Group of Eight refers to, do check out The Ultimate Guide to Studying in Australia!

Studying in Canberra, ACT

Australian National University

Wiki Commons

Sandwiched between Melbourne and Sydney, Australia’s capital city of Canberra is home to a healthy and diverse mix of local and international students, as well as the number one university in the country — Australian National University (ANU). It was founded in 1946 as a postgraduate institution, with four centres — the Research Schools of Physical Sciences, Social Sciences and Pacific Studies and the John Curtin School of Medical Research — but began offering undergraduate courses in 1960.

The university often battles it out with the University of Melbourne (UoM) in terms of rankings. Nevertheless, you can’t really go wrong in choosing an institution created by the Australian Parliament with six Nobel Laureates (in the fields of physics, medicine, economic sciences) amongst its alumni and faculty.

According to ANU’s website, ANU offers more degree combinations than the other Australian universities. Interesting majors it offers include Furniture Design Arts, Latin and Corporate Sustainability. Its main campus is located at Acton, near Canberra’s CBD.

ANU Quick Facts

Student Population: Approx. 21,352 (2021)

International Fees: A$39,024 per annum (average, fees vary depending on course/discipline)

Colleges: Seven in total. These are the ANU College of Arts & Social Sciences, the ANU College of Asia & the Pacific, the ANU College of Business & Economics, the ANU College of Engineering, Computing and Cybernetics, the ANU College of Health & Medicine, the ANU College of Law, and the ANU College of Science

Strongest Disciplines: Anthropology, Politics, Development Studies, Archaeology, Agriculture, Earth and marine sciences, History, Social policy, Sociology, and Geography

QS Ranking 2022: 1st in Australia, 27nd in the world

THE Ranking 2022: 2nd in Australia, 54th in the world

Studying in Melbourne, VIC

Consistently ranked as the most liveable city in the world, Melbourne is the cultural (and coffee) capital of Australia. Crammed with live music, comedy acts and festivals, the city’s wow factor is only outshone by its breadth in higher education. Featuring seven universities in the international rankings, student life in Melbourne is nothing but ideal. With the highest percentage of international students across Australia, Melbourne is especially foreigner-friendly.

University of Melbourne

The University of Melbourne (UoM) was established in 1853 and is the second oldest university in Australia. It’s a sandstone university (a term used referring to Australia’s oldest tertiary education institutions) with a campus that looks like something out of Hogwarts. More than just a pretty face, UoM also holds its own academically. Ranked number one in the country according to the THE rankings 2023 (a spot it often competes for with ANU), Australia’s second oldest university also boasts an illustrious alumni group of four Aussie prime ministers and nine Nobel Laureates.

Its undergraduate degrees are quite broad and allow you to tailor your studies according to your interests — especially if undertaking an Arts, Science or Environments degree. Unlike other Australian universities, UoM undergraduates can take their time exploring different disciplines in their first year before deciding on their major. Postgraduate study is UoM’s strong suit, with highly competitive medicine and law programs.

UoM Quick Facts

Student Population: Approx. 52,098

International Fees: A$32,896 to $67,368 for undergraduate studies per annum (2023)

Faculties/Schools: Ten in total. These are the Faculty of Architecture, Building and Planning, the Faculty of Arts, the Faculty of Business and Economics, the Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology, the Faculty of Fine Arts and Music, the Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences, the Faculty of Science, the Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, the Melbourne Graduate School of Education, and the Melbourne Law School

Strongest Disciplines: Education, Law, Accounting, Computer science, Psychology, Business, Environmental sciences and Medicine.

QS Ranking 2022: 2nd in Australia, 37th in the world

THE Ranking 2022: 1st in Australia, 33rd in the world

Monash University

Another popular choice for students, Monash has a sprawling campus situated slightly out of the city. Monash and UoM are locked in a (mostly) friendly rivalry for top university in Melbourne, but if you’re more about hands-on learning than research, Monash would be the place for you! Also, if you don’t want to wait till postgrad to study law — Monash offers a five-year LLB program. The university comprises a significant portion of international students, at approximately 34.7 percent. You’ll settle in quickly, especially with many student societies to help make the transition.

Monash University boasts several state-of-the-art facilities, such as the Monash Centre for Additive Manufacturing (the most advanced facility of its type in Australia), and the Australian Stem Cell Centre (founded by nine Australian Universities and medical research institutes). Recently, the university ranked number one globally in the 2022 QS World University Rankings by Subject for Pharmacy and Pharmacology — and consistently ranks within the Top three.

Monash Quick Facts

Student Population: Approx. 60,211

International Fees:  Avg. A$37,200 to $87,000 for undergraduate studies per annum

Faculties/Schools: Ten in total, made up of the Art, Design and Architecture faculty, the Arts faculty, the Business and Economics faculty, the Education faculty, the Engineering faculty, the Information Technology faculty, the Law faculty, the Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences faculty, the Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences faculty, and the Science faculty.

Strongest Disciplines: Accounting and Finance, Engineering, Chemistry, Law and Medicine

QS Ranking 2022: 6th in Australia, 58th in the world

THE Ranking 2022: 4th in Australia, 57th in the world

Other universities in Melbourne worth checking out are RMIT, with strong fashion, architecture and media courses and Swinburne University of Technology.

Studying in Sydney, NSW

As Australia’s largest city, tourism hotspot (Bondi beach, anyone?) and financial hub, Sydney is definitely the place to be. While living expenses here may be slightly higher than in Melbourne, you’ll get a peerless education with some of Australia’s most iconic spots at your doorstep.

University of Sydney


Part of the sandstone universities Group of Eight, the University of Sydney was the first university to be founded in Australia in 1850. (Sydney also happens to be the oldest city in Australia!)

The regal-looking campus is spread across the inner-city suburbs of Darlington and Camperdown and has been ranked by the Huffington Post and the Daily Telegraph in the top 10 most beautiful universities to study at (Oxford and Cambridge are within this list!) Renowned for research and teaching, it also offers MBA and Master of Management programs that regularly rank top in Australia. If you’re keen on going for a student exchange programme, the university claims to have Australia’s largest student mobility programme spanning over 40 countries.

Here’s a fun fact: the university has a legal Graffiti Tunnel located on its Camperdown campus! Anyone can paint on it so long the content is not deemed offensive.

USyd Quick Facts

Student Population: Over 50,000

International Fees:  Avg. A$43,500 to $58,500 for undergraduate studies per annum (2023)

Faculties/Schools: Eight in total. They are the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, the Faculty of Engineering, the Faculty of Medicine and Health, the Faculty of Science, the School of Architecture, Design and Planning, the University of Sydney Business School, the Conservatorium of Music, and the Sydney Law School

Strongest Disciplines: Law, education, medicine, accounting and finance

QS Ranking 2022: 3rd in Australia, 38th in the world

THE Ranking 2022: 5th in Australia, 58th in the world

University of New South Wales


UNSW is 100 years younger than its high-profile neighbour USyd, but is quickly climbing the ranks. Within its eight faculties, UNSW offers bachelor’s degrees that go between three to four years and combined degrees that last for up to eight years. So if you’d like a program with little more flexibility or you simply can’t choose between, say, Engineering or Commerce — UNSW is the place for you! With a lively campus culture and a quarter of its student population made up of international kids, UNSW promises a sense of community during your undergrad years.

UNSW Quick Facts

Student Population: Approx. 59,050

International Fees:  Avg. A$37,680 to $48,720 for undergraduate studies per annum (2023)

Strongest Disciplines: Accounting, Finance, Engineering, and Technology

QS Ranking 2022: 4th in Australia, 43rd in the world

THE Ranking 2022: 6th in Australia, 70th in the world

Studying in Brisbane, QLD

University of Queensland

A friendly city offering year-round tropical weather and access to some of the most beautiful hiking and swimming spots on the East Coast, Brisbane is both a student hub and a tourist destination. It’s home to three major universities, with the University of Queensland being one of them. The campus is a beautiful sight during Spring, dotted with purple when the Jacaranda trees are in bloom.

Offering a range of high-quality specialty programs and dual degrees, UQ ties for third position in Australia with USyd. Its reputation is well earned, often lauded for research innovations including vaccines to help prevent cervical cancer. This is especially helpful if you have your sights set on science! And if you were curious about those that came before you, the UQ alumni includes a Nobel Laureate, an Academy Award Winner and two Fortune 500 CEOs.

UQ Quick Facts

Student Population: Approx.  56,278 (2021)

International Fees:  Avg. A$33,056 to $68,064 for undergraduate studies per annum

Faculties/Schools: Six in total, comprising the Faculty of Business, Economics and Law, the Faculty of Engineering, Architecture and Information Technology, the Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences, the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, the Faculty of Medicine, and the Faculty of Science

Strongest Disciplines: Engineering, Mineral and mining, Life Sciences, Medicine

QS Ranking 2022: 5th in Australia, 47th in the world

THE Ranking 2022: 2nd in Australia, 54th in the world

Interested in studying at an Australian university?
Let us help! Get a free educational consultation on suitable university courses here!

Studying in Adelaide, SA

University of Adelaide

Located along Australia’s south coast the University of Adelaide is the third-oldest tertiary institution in the country. If it sounds a little familiar to you, it’s probably because it has a satellite campus in Singapore, as well as five campuses spread across the state of South Australia. With plenty of open spaces and opportunities for hiking, cycling and foodie trails, Adelaide is the more laidback option than other states. However, UoA has stellar programs – especially in the field of Dentistry and Medicine.

Fun fact: The University of Adelaide holds the record for being the first Australian university to accept female students, offer science and business degrees, and is the alma mater of Australia’s first female Prime Minister!

UoA Quick Facts

Student Population: Approx. 23,905

International Fees: Avg. A$36,800 to $43,460 for undergraduate studies per annum

Faculties/Schools: Three academic faculties (the Faculty of Arts, Business, Law and Economics, the Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, and the Faculty of Sciences, Engineering and Technology)

Strongest Disciplines: Dentistry, biological sciences, physical sciences, information technology and telecommunications, environmental sciences and social sciences

QS Ranking 2022: 8th in Australia, 108th in the world

THE Ranking 2022: 7th in Australia, 111th in the world

Studying in Perth, WA

University of Western Australia

Just an easy five-hour flight from Singapore is (rather ironically) the most isolated city in Australia — Perth. Due to its endless stretch of pristine beaches and warm weather, it’s a very appealing option for students looking to relocate. The University of Western Australia (UWA) is the city’s premier university, and is known for its vibrant social and sporting culture. Established in 191l, its heritage-listed grounds along the Swan River just out of the city centre is just the right mix of picturesque and accessibility. The university is also ten minutes away from the CBD. Arts enthusiasts will be particularly interested in the New Fortune Theatre, which is a copy of the original Elizabethan Fortune Theatre (London’s Fortune Playhouse) and houses a family of peafowl.

UWA Quick Facts

Student Population: Approx. 19,756 (2021)

International Fees: Avg. A$33,000 to $42,800 for undergraduate studies per annum (2021)

Faculties/Schools: Business School, Confucius Institute, Conservatorium of Music, Dental School, Graduate Research School, Graduate School of Education, Law School, Medical School, Oceans Graduate School, School of Allied Health, School of Biological Sciences, School of Biomedical Sciences, School of Design, School of Earth Sciences, School of Engineering, School of Human Sciences, School of Humanities, School of Indigenous Studies, School of Molecular Sciences, School of Physics, Mathematics and Computing, School of Population and Global Health, School of Psychological Science, School of Social Sciences, UWA School of Agriculture and Environment

Strongest Disciplines: Earth Sciences, Marine Sciences, Social Sciences and Math

QS Ranking 2022: 7th in Australia, 93rd in the world

THE Ranking 2022: 8th in Australia, 132nd in the world

With all the information that’s out there, coming to a decision about university isn’t easy. But there are a couple of things to prioritise to select a course most suited to you. If you have a clear idea of what to study, or whether you want to go into postgraduate research, definitely look at individual subject rankings to see what university will serve you best in that area. But if, like many students, you are unsure of what major to take, look at the course structure instead.

Some universities offer a broad curriculum that allows you to mix and match subjects and tailor your bachelor’s degree to your interests, giving you some form of flexibility should you change your mind. Keep an eye out for if a uni offers placements and vocational options to improve your employment prospects. And if one of the motivations for moving abroad is that you’d like a change of pace from Singapore, find out more about campus culture and residential colleges so you can immerse yourself in the university community. And whatever you choose, know that rankings aren’t everything — your university experience is what you make of it!

6 SingLit Books Every Student Should Read


Did you know National Library Board solely dedicates a section to Singapore Literature? From Memoirs and Non-Fiction to Fiction, Poetry and many more, Singapore’s literary landscape has drastically grown over the past few years.

If you are new to Singapore Literature (SingLit), fret not! Here are six SingLit titles that can boost your reading journey:

1) Inheritance by Balli Kaur Jaswal

Inheritance was written by Balli Kaur Jaswal and published in 2013. It is a fictional prose set in the 1970s to the 1990s, during Singapore’s changing political, social and cultural landscape. Balli Kaur Jaswal wrote of the country’s coming-of-age story through a traditional Punjabi family.

Told through the Sikh diaspora community in Singapore, the novel centres on constructing an individual’s identity. Inheritance highlights the conflicts and struggles to form a Singaporean identity during the country’s rapid development. Highlighting Singaporean’s struggle to balance their country’s expectations with their own, Inheritance engages with readers on questions of family legacies and questions about one’s sense of belonging. Ultimately, Inheritance raises the question of what makes a Singaporean identity.

2) Ministry of Moral Panic by Amanda Lee Koe

Ministry of Moral Panic, written by Amanda Lee Koe, was published in 2013. It was hailed as the 2014 Singapore Literature Prize for Fiction winner. Ministry of Moral Panic acts as a social commentary on modern Singapore told through a collection of short stories. Positioned in an off-centred fictional world, moral lessons are taught to readers after each story. The short stories touch on familial tensions, surviving in contemporary society, and anxiety about forming human connections, which are issues Singaporeans face at one point. In addition, Amanda Lee Koe dives into the nostalgic memories of Singaporeans to create stories about the intimacy of sexual relationships, interpersonal connections and the question of morality. If you are looking for a quirky yet engaging Singlit title to read, Ministry of Moral Panic could be the one for you.

3) Lion City by Ng Yi-Sheng

Lion City by Ng Yi Sheng was published in 2018. This contemporary sci-fi book lies within strange tales of the Lion City. Dive into the world of myths, magical realism and all things eccentric. It is the place where a man discovers that all the animals in the Zoo are robots! Is there a terminal in Changi Airport dedicated to the Gods? A prince falls in love with a crocodile! A concubine lost in time? The island of Singapore disappears! Encapsulated in the form of short stories, award-winning poet and playwright Ng Yi Sheng invites readers to view Singapore in a revolutionary and mysterious way.

4) This is What Inequality Looks Like by You Yenn Teo

Curated as a series of essays, this book is an ethnography of inequality that addresses questions raised. The essays are to be read individually but arranged in a way to be of totality and in sequence. This collection aims to give readers an insight into low-income individuals in Singapore. Hence it portrays the connection between our experiences and the structural conditions of inequality. You Yenn Teo urges readers to reflect on the narrative and discourses we involve ourselves in, particularly about inequality and poverty. Essential for readers of all fields aspiring to be more critical when reading narratives about the working class of Singapore.

5) It Never Rains on National Day by Jeremy Tiang

Being a debut collection published in 2016, It Never Rains on National Day was shortlisted for the Singapore Literature Prize in 2016. Connecting the stories of Singaporeans living abroad into a unified narrative to share how they celebrate and identify with Singapore’s National Day in their unique ways. Readers craving nostalgia and wanting to rediscover their connection to Singapore should pick this up!

6) Kopi, Puffs & Dreams by Pallavi Gopinath Aney

Kopi, Puffs & Dreams is a fictional tale about two young men from Palakkad, Puthu and Krishnan, who met aboard a ship bound for Malaya and instantly connected. Over the next two decades, they opened a restaurant in Singapore selling curry puffs and kopi. However, a dark secret looms over Krishnan that threatens to destroy the success of his restaurant. Will the mystery be revealed carelessly? You are in for a treat if you love unexpected twists and turns in a book!

Undying passion and interest for Singapore Literature?

If Singapore Literature sounds right up your alley, consider pursuing taking English Literature as a major or even a minor! After completing the required modules in Year 1, you can choose modules such as South Asian Literature and Singapore literature and Culture. In NUS, for example, this is an introductory module or the GCE ‘A’ Level Literature qualification/equivalent as well as a Level 2000 English Lit module. For NTU, you will need to take the HL1001 Introduction to the Study of Literature module, before you can take the HL1005 Introduction to Singapore Literature module.

Do check out the various university course pages to learn more about their English Lit offerings!

Hope you find the book suggestions helpful, and feel free to leave any questions down below! Have a great time reading!

Suit up and defend the interwebs with the help of 16 cybersecurity courses


Don your armour and get ready, there’s a long battle ahead!

Well, maybe things aren’t that dramatic, but protecting internet-connected systems (networks! data!) is major business. Singapore recognises this, too, and that’s why there are numerous initiatives in place to help safeguard the internet: Singapore will be contributing 30 million to the upcoming ASEAN-Singapore Cybersecurity Centre of Excellence (ASCCE), for starters, and National Cyberspace Masterplans with key areas underlined for action and improvement (one is ending this year!)

With cyber-attacks rapidly increasing worldwide, cybersecurity is more important than ever. Singapore alone saw a 54% year-over-year increase in ransomware attacks on organisations, and cybercrime making up 48% of overall crime in 2021[i]. Currently, there is a global shortage of cybersecurity talent, which means many job opportunities lie in wait. If this is a (battle)field you’re keen to explore, mount yer trusty cybersecurity courses and get ready to roll!

*All course fees are for 2021/22’ intakes and are subject to changes depending on the school. All fees are in SGD unless otherwise stated. This is merely a list and not an endorsement of the courses listed, do conduct sufficient research to make sure a course fits your needs!

What are some roles employers and organisations are looking/find hard to fill?

  • Cloud Security Specialists
  • Security Operations (SOC) Analysts
  • Security Administrators

Source: Fortinet 2022 Cybersecurity Skills Gap Global Research Report

Interesting Schemes/Initiatives

- Cyber NSF Scheme (MINDEF)

- Cybersecurity Entrepreneurship Hub (ICE71)

- SG Cyber Talent programmes

- The National Integrated Centre for Evaluation (NiCE)



1. National University of Singapore – Bachelor of Technology (Cybersecurity)

Offered in partnership by NUS’s School of Continuing and Lifelong Education (SCALE) and the School of Computing, this degree is for working adults with at least one year of full-time working experience. It aims to equip them with strong knowledge of computer science foundations and fundamentals. The degree only has one intake per year, and you will need a polytechnic diploma qualification or equivalent to apply.

Curriculum: Modules such as Discrete Structures, Communication for Computing Professionals, Computer Networks and Applications, Professional, Ethical and Social Issues in Computing and so on.

Duration: 4 years (part-time, maximum candidature is 6 years)

Course Fees: SGD 24,000 for Singaporeans and $46,240 for PRs after subsidy. International students pay SGD 153,760.

View other degree courses list:

2. PSB Academy – Bachelor Of Science With Honours In Cybersecurity

Awarded by Coventry University, which has been awarded 5 Stars for Teaching (QS Stars University Ratings) and also the top 51st university in the UK (Guardian University Guide 2023), the degree consists of 12 modules. The course brings together a computer science foundation with cybersecurity, digital forensics and more.

Curriculum: Modules include Computer Forensics, Information Security, Networking, Cryptography, and so on. All learning will also be reinforced through Individual Projects.

Accreditation: PSB Academy is EduTrust certified. Coventry University is accredited by the British Computer Society (BCS).

Duration: 16–24 months (maximum candidature 4 years), part-time and full-time available. Classes are typically held 5 times a week.

Course Fees: SGD 24,652.80 with exemptions (Year 2 Entry), SGD 36,979.20 without exemptions

Prospects: Graduates from Coventry University’s Cybersecurity degree have found roles in ethical hacking, penetration testing, malware and software security analysis, just to name a few capacities.

3. Singapore University of Technology and Design – Information Systems Technology and Design pillar (Security Track)

SUTD promises its students a multidisciplinary and design-centric curriculum, and this is no different for its ISTD students. An ISTD grad, according to SUTD, will stand out from his/her peers through their multi-disciplinary design approach and systematic design approach. They will be able to provide computing solutions that are not only problem-driven, but also technically sound.  Security Track students will take core courses in networks and security, with the option to choose from electives like Blockchain Technology and Systems Security.

Curriculum: See above

Duration: 3.5 years

Course Fees: SGD 13,500 for Singaporeans, 19,050 for PRs and SGD 29,150 for international students with tuition grant per academic year

Prospects: Jobs as Information Security Analysts, Security Specialists, and so on. Graduates can also go on to pursue higher education, such as SUTD’s Master of Science in Security by Design.

4. Management Development Institute of Singapore – Bachelor of Science (Hons) Cybersecurity and Networks

Awarded by Teesside University, which ranked 15th in the University of the Year category of Whatuni Student Choice Awards 2018 (part of the Hotcourses Group) and achieved Silver in the Teaching Excellence Framework (2017), the degree has a 1:30 ratio for tutorials and practical classes. Lessons are taught by faculty with Masters and PhD’s from schools like NUS and Curtin University of Technology.

Curriculum: Modules include Information Governance, Network Architecture, Server Administration, Information Security Management and Information Security and Cybercrime, just to name a few.

Accreditation: MDIS is EduTrust Certified. Teesside University is accredited by the British Computer Society as well as the Chartered Institute for IT Institution of Engineering and Technology.

Duration: 3 years (direct entry available), Full-time and part-time

Course Fees: SGD 11,770–31,030 (full-time and part-time) for Singaporeans, SGD 12,305–32,635 (full-time) for foreigners

Prospects: Graduates can find employment in roles like IT Security Specialist, Network Security Engineer, Security Sofrware Developer and so on.

5. Kaplan – Bachelor of Information Technology in Cyber Security and Forensics and Business Information Systems

Awarded by Murdoch University, which achieved a 5-star rating for teaching, employability, research, internationalisation, innovation, and inclusiveness in the QS Stars Assessment 2022, this degree is a double major. It offers students the chance to learn both the theoretical as well as the practical, and aims to impart digital forensic and critical thinking skills, and be able to identify and respond to threats. 

The degree will expose students for the professional field through an IT Professional Practice Project, which entails working in a team with other students, and consulting with real clients to come up with feasible solutions real-world cybersecurity problems. Students will also be eligible for a Student Membership with the Centre of Strategic Cyberspace and International Studies (CSCIS)

Curriculum: Modules such as Introduction to ICT Research Methods, Databases, Cyber Forensics and Information Technology, Enterprise Architectures and more

Accreditation: Kaplan is EduTrust Certified. 

Duration: 16–28 months (full-time and part-time options available)

Course Fees: SGD 24,147.76–27,597.44 for Singaporeans and PRs. SGD 32,014.40 for international students

Tired of searching and comparing various AI course?


1. Nanyang Polytechnic – Diploma in Cybersecurity & Digital Forensics

Nanyang Polytechnic’s Diploma in Cybersecurity & Digital Forensics promises to equip its graduates with knowledge in phishing, encryption, steganography, digital forensics, zero-day attacks, system hardening and enterprise security. The polytechnic’s School of Information Technology was established in 1993, and the school offers overseas internship opportunities, industry exposure (>100 industry partners and >250 industry projects) and opportunities to obtain professional certifications.

Curriculum: Modules such as Design Thinking, Principles of UX Design, Software Engineering as well as Infosecurity Standards, Policies & Audit. During Year 3, students have the option of pursuing either the Cybersecurity Track or the Cyber Forensics Track

Duration: 3 years

Course Fees: SGD 3,087 for Singaporeans, SGD 6,317 for PRs, SGD 11,541.60 for international students

Prospects: NYP Cybersecurity and Digital Forensics Graduates can go on to further study, or take up roles such as Security Engineers/Executives, Security Operation Testers, Cybersecurity Analysts, as well as Incident/Forensics/Threat Investigator in many sectors—whether private, public, or otherwise.

View other diploma courses list:

2. Temasek Polytechnic – Diploma in Cybersecurity & Digital Forensics

Temasek Polytechnic’s Diploma in Cybersecurity & Digital Forensics promises to open the door to many opportunities for its students. Its lecturers comprise of Certified Information System Auditors (CISA) and Certified Information System Security Professionals (CISSP), students can anticipate internship opportunities with organisations such as KPMG and Symantec, and students will be able to attain professional certifications such as RedHat Certified System Administrator/Engineer (RHCSA/ RHCE), Certified Ethical Hacker, Cisco CCNA or Huawei HCIA.

Curriculum: Coding principles and practices, data analytics, data structures and algorithms, network security technologies and so on.

Duration: 3 years

Course Fees: With tuition grant: SGD 3,041.60 per academic year for Singaporean students below 40, SGD 6,241.16 for PRs and SGD 11,464.10 for international students

Prospects: According to Temasek Polytechnic, grads will have good employment opportunities in the government/finance sectors as well as in consulting firms and local/MNCs. Roles you could take up include Security Penetration Tester, Security Operation Analyst, Incident/Forensic/Threat investigator as well as IT Security Auditor.

Graduates can also go on to pursue further education in higher institutions (there have been grads that secured places in universities such as Carnegie-Mellon) or go for the Earn & Learn Programme.

3. Ngee Ann Polytechnic – Diploma in Cybersecurity & Digital Forensics

Students taking Ngee Ann Polytechnic’s Diploma in Cybersecurity & Digital Forensics will experience studying as part of a small, tight cohort (the planned intake for 2018 was 60). The Diploma promises industry exposure through masterclasses by Information Security Professionals and internship opportunities at organisations such as Microsoft and CrimsonLogic. Students will also be exposed to the Security Development Lifecycle and be able to attain the CompTIA Security+ professional certification.

Curriculum: Take modules such as Ethical Hacking, Cryptography, Vulnerabilities 101, Network Security and Secure Software Development.

Duration: 3 years

Course Fees: With tuition grant: SGD 3,000 per academic year for Singaporeans, SGD 6,200 for PRs and SGD 11,400 for international students

Prospects: Possible careers for NP’s grads include becoming security analyst/engineers, digital forensics investigators, security software developers, penetration testers or malware analysts in security agencies and various IT security/solutions/consulting companies.

4. Singapore Polytechnic – Specialist Diploma in Cyber Security Management

Slightly different from the other polytechnic Diplomas, Singapore Polytechnic’s Specialist Diploma in Cyber Security Management caters to working professionals in the infocomm industry that are looking to pick up specialised skills in infocomm security. The Diploma comprises of two Professional Development Certificates (in Infocomm Security and Defences as well as Security Incident Management) that have to be taken within a two year period.

Curriculum: Consists of 4 modules. They are: Infocomm Security and Network Essentials, Cyber Defence and Range Exercises, Digital Forensics and Investigation as well as Security Policy and Incident Management. Module synopses can be found here.

Duration: Course hours add up to 270.

Course Fees: SGD 1,001.04 for Singaporeans below 40, SGD 2,669.44 for PRs and SGD 6,673.59 for other students. SME Training grant and Workfare support training schemes are also available for this Diploma.

Short Courses

1. Lithan Academy – Express Cyber Security

Learn Cyber Security fundamentals to protect current threat landscape by demonstrating hardening tactics to make a breach more difficult and costly for a hacker to execute and learn early threat detection, classify the extent of a system breach and respond to security incident effectively to minimize the business impact. Singapore Citizens / Permanent Residents can receive up to 70% funding from SkillsFuture Singapore and further subsidies using your SkillsFuture credit and Post-Secondary Education Account. 

Curriculum: Expect modules such as Cybersecurity Planning, Cybersecurity Administration, Host and Cloud Cybersecurity, Cybersecurity Implementation and Cybersecurity Management Capstone Project

Accreditation: Microsoft Certified, Statements of Attainment by SSG, Singapore

Duration: 5 weeks part time / 2 weeks full time per module , 302.5 hours

Course Fees
S$15,000 (excluding misc. Fees);
S$4,500 after SkillsFuture Funding (excluding GST);

Job Placement Assistance :  Help 500 locals (Singaporeans & PRs) found their dream careers every year.

View other short courses list:

2.ST Engineering Cybersecurity Academy (STECA) – Cyber Security Operations Specialist course

This course was “developed by practitioners for practitioners” (cyber security professionals, network administrators, compliance managers, etc.). The goal is to teach cybersecurity concepts to course takers and getting them familiar with the functions of security products such as Wireshark, and get them response ready in the event of cyber-attacks. Assessments consist of written tests (incident reports, exams) and practical performances.

Curriculum: Get introduced to network security devices, monitoring tools, attack methodologies, and have exposure to real-world cyber attack scenarios, amongst other things

Accreditation: ST Electronics Cyber Security Centre has attained the Approved Training Organisation status from WDA, and is also the first official training provider for (ISC)²’s Systems Security Certified Practitioner (SSCP®) Common Body of Knowledge (CBK®) training in Singapore.

Duration: 5 days, from 9-5:30pm

Course Fees: $2000 (pre-GST), SkillsFuture claimable

3. SUSS – Introduction to Cybersecurity

Designed for those with little to no knowledge of the field, the Introduction to Cybersecurity course is taught by an adjunct lecturer at SUSS with over 25 years of experience in the IT industry. Participants will learn about three key aspects: a general overview, technical considerations as well as organisation practices and processes. The course is capped off with a quiz to reinforce all learning.

Curriculum: Covers topics such as secure workplace practices, application security, network security and more

Duration: 1 day (conducted online via Zoom)

Course Fees: SGD 695.50 (with GST, as low as SGD 78.65 with relevant subsidies)

4. Harvard short online course – Cybersecurity: Managing Risk in the Information Age

Offered by Harvard’s Office of the Vice Provost for Advances in Learning, in association with HarvardX, this short course is targeted at leaders, technology specialists aspiring to a leadership role, as well as security specialists desiring to upskill. The course does not focus on technical know-how, but rather “how to assess and mitigate specific vulnerabilities within an organisation’s networks, systems, and data…in order to protect…their digital assets”. The course is taught through interactive content, weekly group discussions and class-wide forums, as well as quiz assessments and assignment submissions.

Curriculum: Apart from the orientation module, there are 8 weekly modules. These are: Cybersecurity risk is business risk, Identifying the threats to an organization, Identifying important business systems and assets, The crucial role of leadership in managing cyber risk, Understanding your technology, Cyber risk and the law, Incident response and accountability as well as Designing and implementing a mitigation strategy.

Accreditation: NA

Duration: 8 weeks, 8-11 hours per week

Course Fees: USD 2,900 (approx SGD 4,083)

5. SUTD – Foundation of Cybersecurity 

This foundation course can be taken as a standalone course. It can also be taken as a module that makes up either the SUTD Graduate Certificate in Systems and Networking Security or the ModularMaster in Cybersecurity. Open to both newcomers as well as current industry professionals, the course will cover content such as cryptanalysis and secure multiparty computations. There will be projects and examinations as part of coursework.

Curriculum: Cryptographic primitives, common attacker models, and other core concepts

Accreditation: Kaplan is EduTrust certified.

Duration: 6 days

Course Fees: SGD 5,778 (SGD 653.40–1,733.40 after relevant subsidies)

Temasek Polytechnic – Introduction to Cybersecurity

If what you want is a quicker primer on cybersecurity, or a resource you can share with others to explain why cybersecurity is important, this is a course you can explore. Open to all, the course shares more about the field via short online video lessons and enforces knowledge with quick tests and assessments. Course finishers will be issued with an electronic certificate of completion.

Curriculum: Introduction to cybersecurity, history of cybersecurity, types of malware, threat and hackers as well as the ‘CIA triad’ and ‘IAAA framework’

Duration: 10 to 15 lessons, each 15 mins long. The course has no expiry date

Course Fees: SGD 49.99 (SkillsFuture Credit claimable)


1. Singapore Institute of Management (General Education) –  Master of Science in Cyber Security and Management

Offered by the University of Warwick (79th in Times Higher Education Rankings and 54th in QS World University Ranking 2019), the Master of Science in Cyber Security and Management is fully taught by staff from the University. Lessons are a mix of interactive lectures, activities and exercises (role-play, for example) combined with on the job/in-company assignments and projects culminating in a 20,000 word dissertation.

Curriculum: Expect modules such as Cryptosystems & Data Protection, Cryptosystems & Data Protection, and Digital Forensics

Accreditation: SIM GE is Edutrust certified and is a member of the Singapore Association for Private Education (SAPE).

Duration: 18 months

Course Fees: SGD 35,952.00

Prospects: Graduates of this programme have gone on to work in companies and organizations such as Accenture, PWC, Facebook, and CISCO, serving in capacities such as Marketing Specialists, Network Consulting Engineers, and Cyber Security Consultants.

Cybersecurity sounding like your cup of tea? Why not see where it takes you? Or read our article on Digital Forensics!
Taken a cybersecurity course and have feedback to share? Do tell us about it! We’re all ears! Do leave us a comment, or drop us an email. We’ll be waiting!


Tired of searching and comparing various cyber security course?

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Exploring my passion by studying an English Literature degree

Why an English Literature degree?

Have you ever asked an English (Literature) student, “What made you choose English for your Bachelor’s Degree?”

Chances are their response lies somewhere between “It’s always been my passion.” and “I didn’t really know what I wanted to pursue.” Luckily for me, English and language are things I have always been passionate about.

Since an early age, I have always found comfort in books and am that kid that treats the library as my second home. There is something fascinating about words and their ability to transport us to fictional worlds within the pages of a book. Over time, I developed a curiosity and passion for the literary field and languages.

However, as I grew and faced societal pressure, I caved in to fear of unemployability and studied Banking and Finance in Nanyang Polytechnic. Turns out they weren’t the happiest years of my life and I decided to be bold. Why not pursue my passion as a degree, right? Spontaneously I applied for the Bachelor of Arts in English Literature and I got in! This also aligned with my newfound passion for entering the publishing industry and having a writing or editorial career.

What is it like studying Literature in University?

Before I matriculated, I went to Nanyang Technological University’s (NTU) English Page and checked out the syllabus and the requirements needed to graduate. I was genuinely surprised by the vast expanse of literature modules students can take up during their studies. Everything about literature is taught. from introductory courses to advance studies or specialisations in a certain field of literature that students are more passionate about. These are some of the modules I’ve taken thus far:

  • 19th century Victorian Literature – Students learn about the influence of class and culture onto the country’s economy and social development.
  • Singapore Literature (Singlit) – Dive into Singapore’s narratives demonstrating how literature was utilized to shape key historical events in the country.
  • Introduction to Children’s Literature – Students have the opportunity to reminisce their childhood fairy tales and analyse the relationship between a text and the implied child reader

I went into my course with the preconceived assumption that we will be reading books and writing essays that review them. However, I was blown away by the depth and intricacy of what students are taught. I struggled initially, having begun with zero literature background, and had to spend extra time to understand the basic literary devices and techniques used in texts. The curriculum consists of intensive lectures held by professors to tutorial classes held at The Hive (seen in the picture below) to hone students’ understanding of the syllabus. There are colossal amounts of secondary readings that you have to read before classes (you can choose not to read them and cram it all before finals like I did. Definitely don’t recommend it.)

Every Literature student would tell you their worst nightmare is the essays. We are required to write essays that provide critical and deeper analysis, with our own opinions on what we can learn from the text(s). Being an alien to the literary world, it initially took a toll on my confidence to write academically good essays. I can definitely say that it is much more complex than a simple book review.

English Literature offers more than you know

Contrary to popular belief, English Literature is actually a course that prepares one with tons of soft skills imperative in any career even outside humanities-related fields. For example, I realised my creativity has peaked since studying Literature, from close-reading parts of a text and questioning its underlying meaning. Furthermore, I developed critical thinking skills when it comes to thinking on the spot and being able to draft up short thesis statements to articulate my ideas clearly. I believe these are all transferable skills applicable to any profession.

Effective communication is imperative in a social and professional setting and with the tedious amount of essay assignments, I had the opportunity to improve my writing skills. My writing gained more clarity over the semesters, and I was able to deliver my arguments clearly, concisely and efficiently. It is definitely an eye-opening experience stepping into the playing field of Literature and being a participant of active discourses regarding subjects that are not commonly brought about in today’s society. I am so glad that I got to debunk so many of the myths and assumptions surrounding the academia of an English student.

How to decide if I should pursue my passion?

To pursue my passion was no easy decision. I had to weigh the outcomes of my action and if a literary education will be able to provide me a stable career in the future. One thing that alleviated my anxiety and instilled confidence to pursue Literature was researching on career prospects in and beyond the humanities field. One key aspect of my decision was my confidence in myself to turn my passion into a career and also constantly researching how literature is utilised and imparted in various careers in Singapore.

Below is a list of the potential careers Literature students would be suitable for:

  • Educators
  • Freelance Writers
  • Editorial Assistant
  • Social Media Manager
  • Interpreter
  • Consultant
  • Public relations Manager
  • Human Resource Manager

If you are currently a student unsure about your university education, I strongly suggest researching career prospects and view its alignment to your personal goals. I welcome any questions about studying English Literature, so please feel free to drop a comment below!

Thinking Of Pursuing Your Master’s? 5 Questions to Ask Before Saying Yay or Nay


One major decision you may have to make during your studies or career is whether you should pursue a Master’s degree. There are advantages and disadvantages to pursuing graduate studies and you should carefully consider all options before deciding. This is because there are factors that you may overlook. Hence, to assist you in your decision-making process, we explore five major questions you have to consider before saying yay or nay to graduate school.

#1: Why do you want to pursue a Master’s degree?

The Greek philosopher Aristotle said, “First, have a definite, clear practical ideal; a goal, an objective. Second, have the necessary means to achieve your ends; wisdom, money, materials, and methods. Third, adjust all your means to that end.” Borrowing such Aristotelian wisdom, ask yourself what your motivations for pursuing a Master’s degree are. Are you pursuing graduate studies only because someone else expects this of you? Are you trying to buy time before entering the workforce simply because you are undecided on what to do in your career? Would your upcoming Master’s degree be like a backup plan or safety net as you mull over what you really want to do in life?

Conduct in-depth research on your future career and education plans, the upsides and downsides of pursuing a Master’s, the programmes that may interest you, and more. While it is not a crime to go to graduate school to delay entering the workforce, a graduate degree can be expensive. Ideally, you should have a rough idea of what you would like to do after graduate school in order to make your Master’s degree worthwhile. Hopefully, getting a Master’s will facilitate your move to your dream job, build your career, or simply achieve your personal goals.

#2: Do you enjoy conducting research and writing academic papers?


You may think you miss school after only a summer or semester off school. However, ask yourself if that yearning is only a passing phase. Do you really relish reading lots of books, academic papers, going for seminars, and getting engrossed in research? Even if you have been in the workforce for a while and are thinking of going back to school, are you motivated enough to commit to all the requirements in your intended graduate degree programme?

While you may have found your undergraduate years a breeze, note that an undergraduate programme typically entails far less rigorous coursework and research than a graduate programme. Generally, Master’s courses are structured like undergraduate courses. The main difference between the two is that Master’s degree courses require more background research and preparation for each class, test or academic assignment.

There is little to no spoon-feeding from the professors in a graduate degree programme. You would need to have lots of initiative and be self-driven to complete a Master’s programme.

#3: Can you afford it?

Tuition could be anywhere from free to an average of $50,000 per year or more for a typical Master’s degree programme, depending on your field and country of study. Mull over whether your financial situation permits you to pursue a Master’s as well as the amount (or percentage) of increased income your upcoming degree may bring in the future before committing to a programme.

If you decide to pursue your Master’s and finances remain a concern, think of ways to subsidize your costs by exploring job positions on campus such as graduate assistant roles. Such on-campus roles may offer decent monetary compensation in terms of hourly pay, a stipend or tuition subsidies for your contributions.

#4: Do you need a higher degree for your career?

While a graduate degree is not necessary for every job, there are some industries and fields that necessitate a Master’s degree. Conduct ample research to see if a Master’s degree is a requirement. If you want to pursue your career in areas like public health, data science, or speech-language pathology, you may have to pursue a Master’s. In other industries, on-the-job work experiences are just as, if not more, important as advanced degrees. Note that geographic differences can factor into your decision-making process as well. For instance, a Master’s degree is necessary for some entry-level jobs in Europe.

#5: Can you work while pursuing graduate studies?

As a prospective graduate student, you may want to work full or part-time during your studies. Balancing work and graduate school commitments may be challenging, thus you have to confirm with your employer (if you are employed) if such an arrangement is feasible. Make sure that your graduate school responsibilities do not interfere with your work performance and vice versa. If you are the breadwinner in your family, you may have to negotiate your way with your employer or find another means of employment before taking the plunge to go to graduate school.

Fortunately, many graduate schools acknowledge the difficulties of being an adult learner. These schools can even aid you in finding a way to suit your graduate studies to your current life and responsibilities. These programmes may even offer part-time or online courses to fit your schedule.

Take your time before deciding on graduate school

Pursuing a Master’s degree is a major life decision, so take your time and weigh all the pros and cons before going for it. Consider factors like your motivation for pursuing your Master’s, your career prospects after graduate school, your budget as well as existing life commitments.

Do not rush into a Master’s degree as your career is not a race. Sometimes, holding off your graduate school plans may just be the right thing to do at a given point in time.

Graduate school life typically entails lots of research in the library. Are you prepared to commit to attending classes, participating in seminar discussions and writing academic papers regularly? Carefully weigh the pros and cons before deciding to go to graduate school!


4 Ways to Avoid Burnout in Uni


Burnout is, simply put, when you feel overwhelmed and emotionally exhausted by your responsibilities. It is a widespread phenomenon, especially amongst students like us living in such a fast-paced country. This article will go into how we can avoid burnout in uni. So, if you find yourself constantly stressed out, make sure to read till the end!

1.  Recognise the signs of burnout

While we all know that feeling stressed out is a massive sign of burnout, there are many other things we should look out for. This is so we can nip the issue in the bud as soon as it begins instead of allowing things to snowball.

Firstly, it’s important to know that burnout manifests in different ways, including physically and emotionally. Physical symptoms include headaches and stomachaches or intestinal issues. You may also feel tense all over. Emotional signs of burnout can include feeling drained or like you’re unable to cope with the workload. Having low energy also suggests that you may be experiencing burnout.

Practically speaking, if your performance is dropping, be it your grades or club activities, you may also want to take a step back and see if you’ve been feeling overwhelmed recently. Having some self-awareness goes a long way in getting yourself back on track!

2.  Avoid overloading your timetable

Many people overload their timetables by packing in more modules than they can handle. It’s important to understand your limits and avoid biting off more than you can chew. To do this, you should find out more about the modules you’re planning to apply to before deciding to commit to them.

Ask around to find out how the workload is like and how you’ll be graded before deciding to cram the module in that very semester. This can help you to plan your schedule better. For example, if you’re working part-time, you may request less shifts for that semester so that you can study.

Burnout usually results from trying to cram too much too soon. By overloading your timetable, you run the risk of spreading yourself too thin. It is thus better to have a timetable that is not too demanding. Give yourself some leeway to relax and schedule other things in.

3.  Learn to prioritise your responsibilities

Besides studying, you may also want to spend your time doing other things such as hanging out with your friends or pursuing your hobbies. If you have a job, you will have to take that into account as well.

Other variables also come into play. I have friends who own pets such as cats or fish, and taking care of their pets costs them a significant amount of time and energy. After all, they have to buy pet food or change the litter box or tank water. Thus, do also think about the little things that may eat into your time when considering your priorities.

Prioritising your responsibilities does not simply mean to rank them from most important to least important. It also means taking into account the urgency of your tasks and how fast they can be done. While the politically correct answer is to prioritise your schoolwork, it is not always practical to live out.

For example, you may opt to attend your friend’s birthday party instead of studying for that test next week because a birthday only comes once a year while you still have a whole week ahead to study for your test. Or, you may run that errand for your mother since it only takes half an hour, and you can always study any time whereas your mother needs your help now.

4.  Have an exit strategy

When you’re burned out, it’s important to do something to help you unwind and detach yourself from the stress. This could be playing video games or simply going out to a café with your friends. It’s to help you recharge and regain your motivation since studying even harder would only make you more stressed out and tired.

During this period, it would likely also benefit you to practise some self-care. Taking care of yourself physically with more rest and even a new skin mask should help you to feel renewed and ready to take on your responsibilities again.

Confiding in your friends or family may also help you to feel better when you realise you aren’t alone in your struggles. They may also be able to offer solutions to the problems you’re having. Even if they aren’t able to help you in practical ways, being able to receive emotional support in itself is good as well.


At the end of the day, it’s important to take care of your mental health. Identifying your stressors can go a long way when preventing burnout. However, burnout may be inevitable sometimes. When it happens, we should remember that we are only human and need rest.

Do take care!