6 Websites and Tips to Improve Your Resumes and Cover Letters

Internships and applying for jobs are always challenging for everyone. However, writing a resume to score that entry job can be more daunting, especially if you need help figuring out where to start or what information to include. Fortunately, many online resources are available to help you create a professional, effective resume.

Here are six websites that may help improve your resume writing skills:

  1. Resume Genius

This website offers a range of resume templates and tips on writing a resume, including how to format and structure your resume, highlight your skills and achievements, and use action verbs to make your resume more effective.

  1. The Balance Careers

This website offers a wealth of information on resume writing, including how to write a resume, tailor and curate your resume to a specific job, and use keywords to make your resume more appealing to potential employers.

  1. LinkedIn Learning

Linkedin Learning offers a range of courses on resume writing, including how to write a resume, how to format a resume, and how to use LinkedIn to find a job.

  1. JobHero

This website offers a range of resume writing resources, including resume templates, examples of successful resumes, and tips on how to write a resume that will stand out to employers.

  1. The Muse

This career website offers a wealth of resources for job seekers, including resume writing tips and examples. They also offer a resume review service, where a professional writer will review your resume and provide feedback on improving it.

  1. Monster

Monster is a job search website that offers a variety of resources for job seekers, including resume-writing tips and examples. They also offer a resume builder tool and a resume review service, where a professional writer will review your resume and provide feedback on improving it.

Tips to craft a detailed and appropriate Cover Letter:

  1. Ensure that your cover letter is tailored to the job you are applying for. Customize your letter to fit the position and highlight the skills and experience that make you a strong candidate.
  2. Use a professional and courteous tone throughout your cover letter. Avoid overly casual language or slang, and proofread for spelling and grammar errors.
  3. Utilise specific examples and anecdotes to illustrate your skills and experiences. This helps the reader get a better sense of your qualifications and achievements.
  4. Maintain a concise and succinct cover letter. Aim for around three paragraphs, with each paragraph focusing on a different aspect of your qualifications or experience.
  5. End your cover letter with a strong closing statement that expresses your enthusiasm for the position and your appreciation for the opportunity to apply. Thank the reader for their time and consideration, and let them know how they can contact you for further information or to schedule an interview.

Why do we need professional and tailored resumes for different job applications?

A resume outlines your professional experience, skills, and education. It is typically the first point of contact between you and a potential employer, so it must make a strong impression. In addition, a good resume helps you stand out from your peers and increase your chances of being invited for an interview.

One of the primary purposes of a resume is to showcase your qualifications and highlight the skills and experience that make you a strong candidate for a particular job. This includes your education, work experience, and relevant skills or certifications. A good resume should be easy to read, well-organized, and tailored to the job you are applying for.

In addition to showcasing your qualifications, a good resume should convey your brand and unique value proposition. This can help you differentiate yourself from other candidates and make you more memorable to potential employers.

Another critical aspect of a good resume is that it should be error-free. This includes spelling, grammar, and formatting errors. A summary of mistakes can create a negative impression and disqualify you from consideration. Therefore, it is important to carefully proofread your resume and have it reviewed by someone else before you submit it.

Finally, a good resume should be tailored to the specific job you are applying for. This means you should customize your resume to fit the job requirements and highlight the skills and experience most relevant to the position. This can help you stand out from the competition and increase your chances of being invited for an interview.

In summary, a good resume is an essential tool that can help you stand out from the competition and increase your chances of getting the job you want. It should be easy to read, well-organized, and tailored to a specific job. Creating a solid resume can increase your chances of landing a job.

I hope these tips are helpful in guiding you while you create your resume. Always remember that a resume should help to bring out your strengths and showcase your individuality against others.

Do leave a comment below if you have any questions.

All the best!

How to Score Higher in SUSS


Here Are 7 Tips to Score Higher for SUSS Assignments and SUSS Grades!

Scoring 50s to 60s in your TMAs and GBAs?

Ever gotten back your TMA or GBA assignments with little to no valuable comments?

Thought you did well on your exams, but you did poorly instead?

Well, these happened to me too.

Hi, I’m Firdaus, and I am an SUSS alumnus who majored in Marketing and minored in Business.

I’m here to share with you a tip on how to score higher for your SUSS assignments — something that many SUSS students have trouble with.

Oh, I included a bonus tip too! So make sure to read everything! ;)

1. Read your study guide before attempting any assignments

The first step to getting better grades is to read your study guide. This is also the bare minimum you should do.

This is because your study guide usually contains the key points of the different topics you have in each module.

These key points are just enough to apply the correct theory to the question. Using the wrong theory is the key to doing badly, even though your application of the wrong theory is correct.

For example, I’m a marketing student. There is a difference between Integrated Marketing (IMC) Tools and the 4Ps of marketing — although there are a lot of overlaps.

But if you use them interchangeably or incorrectly, it shows that you don’t know your theory.

So, knowing the correct theory to apply to the question is the bare minimum for you to get at least 40–60 marks.

For me, what I like to do is to read the question before reading the entire study guide.

From there, I extract notes from my study guide that I think the question is asking for so that it’s easier to answer.

2. Read your textbook

The second step is to read your textbook. I myself didn’t read my textbooks at the start during my first few semesters.

I mean, it’s so dull, and there’s so much to read; who could ever do that?

Too bad, your textbook is a gold mine when it comes to scoring higher for your assignments.

Until you start reading your textbooks, you’ll realise how much your study guide lacks in information.

When I started reading my textbooks, my eye opened wide and I was slapping myself for not doing this earlier.

Here’s a marketing example:

Marketing students, you guys know what Points-of-Parity (POP) are, right? Well, there are 3 categories of POPs — Category POPs, Competitive POPs, and Correlation POPs.

If you want to pass, simply stating what Brand A’s POPs are is all you need.

But if you want to score higher, then you need to identify the different types of POPs Brand A has and categorise them accordingly. This is what will make your answer stand out from the rest.

And most of the time, this information is only available in your textbook.

Don’t want to read your entire textbook in one sitting?

I got your back.

In step 1, you’ve already extracted the relevant notes to those questions. All you have to do is skip to the relevant page in your textbook and read.

It’ll explain more of the theory for you to determine if it’s the correct answer. If it’s right, it gives you more information to make your answer stronger.

3. Structure your sentences properly

Now, this step is easily one of the most crucial parts you shouldn’t miss.

If you read your textbook and don’t structure your sentences correctly, you won’t score as high as you hoped.

In fact, if you decide to skip reading your textbook, this would still be the most crucial part.

I’ve seen students who scored higher with better sentence structuring than students with good theory + application but poor sentence structuring.

And I was once also the latter.

But how do I structure my sentences properly?

Here’s a tip I learned from being a freelance SEO writer and an editor for Dollar Bureau.

Subject -> Theory -> Application -> Conclusion

Here’s an example:

Brand A employs channels of distribution in its brand management strategy (subject). Its partnerships with over 2,000 online and offline retailers in Singapore, including well-known brands like ____ could have indirectly impacted its brand equity through “image transfer” (theory + application). As these retailers already have an existing brand image in consumers’ minds, consumers associate this image of ___ with Brand A (conclusion).


If you observe the answer above, you’ll see that the flow of ideas is smooth and easy for your lecturers/instructors to understand.

You don’t make them search high and low to give you the marks you deserve.

After marking many papers, they will likely be tired and won’t give you higher marks.

So please, make it easy for them.

But what if you don’t have enough word count and the Subject -> Theory -> Application -> Conclusion method is too long?

Well, I usually skip to Theory -> Application -> Conclusion.

For example;

Brand A has over 2,000 retailers in Singapore, including brands like ____ that indirectly impact its brand equity through “image transfer” (theory + application). As these retailers have an existing brand image in consumers’ minds, consumers associate this image of ____ with Brand A. (conclusion).


From 59 words to 41 words. I’m sure you can reduce the word count further.

If Subject -> Theory -> Application -> Conclusion is too confusing for you, every time you write a sentence, ask yourself, “So what?” until there’s nothing you can add any more.

Brand A employs channels of distribution in its brand management strategy (subject; so what?). Its partnerships with over 2,000 online and offline retailers in Singapore, including well-known brands like ____ could have indirectly impacted its brand equity through “image transfer” (theory + application; so what?). As these retailers already have an existing brand image in consumers’ minds, consumers associate this image of ____ with Brand A (conclusion).


As you can tell, you can’t say “so what” in the last sentence, which is also the conclusion of that idea.

Of course, you must ensure that the flow of ideas makes sense every time you “so what?”.

Here’s an example of the lack of flow in an answer:

Brand A employs channels of distribution in its brand management strategy (subject; so what?). The channels of distribution have an existing brand image in consumers’ minds; thus, consumers associate this image of _____ with Brand A (conclusion).


From here, there’s a missing sentence to link the idea together. How does Brand A employing channels of distribution make consumers associate the image of ____ (let’s say luxury) with Brand A?

How do I, as the person marking your assignment, know why consumers associate luxury with Brand A just because they use channels of distribution in their brand management strategy?

But if I were to write this instead:

Brand A employs channels of distribution in its brand management strategy. Brand A’s partnerships with brands like Gucci, Louis Vuitton, and Hermès could have indirectly impacted its brand equity through “image transfer”. The distribution channels have an existing brand image in consumers’ minds; thus, consumers associate this image of luxury with Brand A.


Do you see the difference? Every sentence has its own purpose, and the flow of ideas is apparent here.

4. Use keywords in your answers

Once you’ve written your answers, I recommend using keywords in your answers.

Using keywords in your answers and proper sentence structuring will allow your lecturers/instructors to give you marks easily.

Keywords are essential as they show you understand the theory and what you’re talking about.

In the example I’ve been using, I’m trying to communicate that consumers perceive Brand A to be luxurious due to its partnerships.

I could use the following:

Brand A is perceived by consumers as luxurious due to their partnerships with Gucci, Louis Vuitton, and Hermès.


But this barely shows how much I understand the topic.

However, if I use the following:

Brand A’s partnerships with brands like Gucci, Louis Vuitton, and Hermès could have indirectly impacted its brand equity through “image transfer” The channels of distribution have an existing brand image of luxury in consumers’ minds; thus, consumers associate this image of luxury with Brand A.


Do you see how I used the bolded terms above instead? It shows that I understand the theory and know how to apply the knowledge I have.

5. Underline, bold, or italicise your keywords

Another way to get the attention of your instructors or lecturers is to underline, bold, or italicise your keywords.

What I like to do is bold my keywords or theory and underline the subject and conclusion.

This makes the markers’ life easy and (hopefully) will get me more marks.

6. Read scientific journals and/or news articles (BONUS!)

I know I should’ve probably put this in step 3, but I recommend writing down your answers before supplementing your work with scientific journals or news articles.

This is because you will probably be too tired to add on more to your assignment, you don’t have the time to read them, or you don’t even have enough word count!

I know — I experienced all 3.

Reading and citing these sources makes your argument much stronger, especially if the journals did the studies correctly.

Let me use the same example above:

Brand A employs channels of distribution in its brand management strategy. Brand A’s partnerships with brands like Gucci, Louis Vuitton, and Hermès could have indirectly impacted its brand equity through “image transfer” of luxury. Furthermore, in the study done by ____ (2020), over more than 87% of consumers view Brand F positively based on the partnerships they have and said that they are more likely to purchase from them. This shows a transfer of brand image between brands through partnerships made. As consumers have an existing brand image of these luxury brands, the channels of distribution used are likely to associate Brand A with luxury.

As you can see, adding the study makes your argument crazy strong as it’s scientifically proven. Without this sentence, you’re merely making an inference – a rather good one – which could still be wrong.

So, if you’re looking to really score, add citations for scientific journals and/or news pieces.

P.S. Sometimes, your textbooks cite scientific journals showing studies on that topic. Instead of citing your textbook for this, you can cite the study and journal directly for bonus marks. (you’re welcome)

7. Check your work

Checking your work is something that is probably skipped way too often.

After writing your answers, read the case and question again, and then check if your answers are correct, or if there is a better way to answer.

Don’t do it immediately after you’re done. You’re probably tired after reading your study guide and textbooks, and answering the questions.

Instead, check the next day with a fresher mind. Chances are, you’ll find mistakes or just a better way to phrase your answers.

Once you’re confident, submit your assignment and you’re done! J


I hope this post has been useful in helping you understand how to get better SUSS grades.

This is not a sure way of getting high marks, but you’ll definitely notice better marks for your assignments.

All the best!

Psychology Courses: The 6 Major Branches to Specialise in


As the study of human behaviour and the mind, Psychology offers important insights into why we behave the way we do. In our everyday lives, we apply psychological concepts in everything from dating apps and marketing campaigns to political rallies and personal growth.

Psychology is a vast field: to help you find out what you may be interested in, we’ll introduce you to six major branches below. Please note that this is merely a tasting menu and a non-exhaustive list! There are many other sub-fields you can explore.

1) Clinical Health Psychology

Clinical psychology focuses on assessing and diagnosing mental health conditions or disorders, as well as therapy and treatment via psychotherapeutic approaches such as cognitive behavioural therapy.

Clinical psychologists often work in tandem with psychiatrists in the medical setting to provide patients with quality care! In addition, experienced clinical psychologists can choose to specialise in different areas: eating disorders, mood disorders, addiction and more.

2) Industrial-Organisational Psychology

Also known as work psychology, occupational psychology or business psychology, industrial-organisational psychology revolves around the scientific study of human behaviour, as well as the application of psychological principles in organisations and workplaces.

This branch of psychology has been growing in recent years as more leaders realise how conducive work environments are instrumental to organisational success. Graduates specialising in this branch can apply their knowledge in research, ergonomics, employee satisfaction, employee training and development, staff selection and appraisal and more.

3) Forensic Psychology

Made popular by TV Crime shows, forensic psychology is often oversubscribed in universities that offer it.

In the words of the American Psychological Association, this branch of psychology entails “the application of clinical specialities to the legal arena[i]”. Forensic psychologists work on helping relevant parties understand what motivates criminals’ behaviour, but they also do more than that! They could also be working in correctional facilities offering to counsel, helping to design and run treatment programmes that reduce recidivism (re-offending) rates, or conducting research.

4) Counselling Psychology

Here’s a fun fact: while counselling psychologists and counsellors seem like interchangeable terms for the same career, they’re not! You will need a graduate applied psychology programme qualification to register with the Singapore Psychological Society (SPS)[i], while counsellors are expected to have postgraduate-level counselling training to register with the Singapore Association for Counselling (SAC)[ii].

Counselling psychologists also tend to take on more serious cases than counsellors due to their background in psychology—think domestic abuse, for example—and see their patients for longer.

Counselling psychologists can be found in both public institutions like family service centres and nursing homes, as well as private practices. They can also be found in research and academia.

5) Developmental Psychology

Developmental psychology looks at human growth and development throughout our lifespan, from birth to old age, physically, cognitively and social-emotionally. Developmental psychology has numerous practical applications across a wide range of fields, which includes early childhood education and marketing.

Individuals who choose to major in developmental psychology can go on to become caseworkers, behavioural therapists and more.

If you’re curious about this branch of psychology, why not read up on the five major theories of development? These include Erik Erikson’s Psychosocial Theory of Human Development, which proposes that our personalities develop throughout our lives across eight chronological developmental stages, and John Bowlby’s attachment theory.

6) Sports Psychology

Last but not least, we have sports psychology!

A hybrid field that draws on psychology, sports science and medicine, sports psychology looks at how psychological factors can affect and enhance athletes’ well-being and performances. It also explores how sports professionals can apply psychological knowledge in sports organisations or coaching practices.

While sports psychology is considered contemporary—it was only formally recognised as a proficiency by the American Psychological Association in 2003—this field has been around since the late 1800s[i].

Sports psychologists are instrumental to an athlete’s success, as several top-performing athletes can attest[iii]! The professional tennis player Iga Swiatek, who won her first Grand Slam singles title during the French Open at just 19 years old, has said that she owes part of her success to Daria Abramowicz, her sports psychologist[iv].

To become a sports psychologist in Singapore and most parts of the world, you’ll need a degree qualification in Psychology (or a related degree) as well as a postgraduate qualification in sports psychology. You should also be eligible for registration with a recognised psychological society.

To recap, we’ve covered sports psychology, developmental psychology, counselling psychology, forensic psychology, industrial-organisation psychology and clinical psychology. Did you find any of these branches right up your alley or spot one that will add value to your career?

If your answer is yes, we’d like to share that MDIS currently offers a Higher Diploma in Psychology that will touch upon some of these very branches! Ten months long full-time and fourteen months long part-time, the MDIS Higher Diploma in Psychology covers topics such as Organisational Psychology and Group Dynamics.

Upon completing the diploma, you can matriculate as a final-year student* of the Bachelor of Science (Hons) in Psychological and Behavioural Science awarded by the University of Roehampton, UK! You’ll then be one step closer to becoming a full-fledged psychologist if that is your goal.

If you have no prior experience or knowledge in psychology but have a Nitec or ‘O’-level qualification, don’t worry! You can consider starting with the International Foundation Diploma in Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics and Art before transitioning to the MDIS Higher Diploma in Psychology.

Are there any other psychology branches you’d like to learn more about? Let us know in the comments or drop us an email—so that we can plan part two. We’re looking forward to hearing from you!

*Upon completing bridging modules



[i] https://singaporepsychologicalsociety.org/srp-faqs/
[ii] https://sacsingapore.org/registry/registered-counsellors/
[iii] https://www.golfdigest.com/story/golf-mental-health
[iv] https://edition.cnn.com/2020/10/13/tennis/iga-swiatek-tennis-french-open-psychologist-spt-intl/index.html

4 Book Cafes to Check out During your Holidays


Looking to read in a peaceful environment, but all the libraries are occupied? Are you a reader that needs a refresher while browsing? Or are you just looking to explore some new cafes that house a collection of books and magazines? Besides cafes like Starbucks and The Coffee Bean & Tea Leaf, which are every student’s second home, it’s hard to find places to pick up your favourite reads. Being an avid bookworm, I am constantly hunting for cafes where I can read without feeling guilty about hogging up space.

Continue reading to discover some book cafes in Singapore that are great for your reading time!

The Book Cafe

The Book Cafe has been situated around a quiet corner in Singapore since 2000 and is home to many regular customers. Serving all-day breakfast, brunch and dinner menus, it is a tranquil place to catch up on your reading while refreshing yourself with its various food options! Established as a book-themed cafe, it is every bookworm’s favourite place to relax and enjoy a cup of coffee while immersing in their reads. Furthermore, with its complimentary free WI-FI, you can catch up on work whilst soaking in the warm ambience. The Book Cafe is sectioned into three areas, dining tables for customers to enjoy their meals, a meeting area to hold physical discussions and a lounge area with sofas. In addition, the cafe patrons can browse a variety of magazines, newspapers and books ranging from local to foreign titles.

If you are looking for a relaxing place to have a cup of coffee or explore new cafes, The Book Cafe is undoubtedly one to visit!

Check out their extensive food options here.

Address: 20 Martin Rd, #01-02 Seng Kee Building, Singapore 239070

Opening Hours: Mon to Fri 8:30am–5:30pm

Sat & Sun 8:30am–8:30pm

Contact: 6887 5430

Epigram Coffee Bookshop

Epigram Coffee Bookshop is a locally grown cafe that seats twenty customers sharing a wide range of books. Did you know that Epigram Coffee Bookshop is the only book cafe to sell solely local reads to its patrons? They are partnered with Balestier Market Collective and serve coffee and local delicacies at Singapore Art Museum @ Tanjong Pagar Distripark. While admiring the skyline from the port, there is a wide selection of books curated by Singapore publishers. Browse Epigram Books, Ethos Books, Math Paper Press, and other local companies. Located beside Singapore Art Museum, visit their exhibitions whilst taking a break from the hustle and bustle of work. So, if you are a lover of all things local while enjoying a pleasant and calm environment, head on down today!

Address:  Singapore Art Museum (SAM) @ Tanjong Pagar Distripark 39 Keppel Road, #01-02 S089065

Tel: +65 9137 9050

Email: hello@epigram.sg

11am-6.30pm daily

Jing Si Books & Cafe

Located at Yishun, Jing Si Books & Café carries a variety of genres catering to all book lovers. It adopts minimalistic architecture and ambience decorated with potted plants to attract youths of this age. Infusing nature within our modern society, the café is located beside Yishun Pond. Jing Si’s publications are set to inspire people through their literary works. In addition, showcasing topics on spiritual development, social care, and education are on the shelves to encourage one to live holistically. Patrons can access and browse different titles on the shelves that are not commonly seen in cafes.

Furthermore, the store also carries books on spiritual development written by other publishers. After browsing through the titles, enjoy a delicious menu of food served in the cafe. Then, whilst admiring nature through the café’s glass-panelled walls, bask in the tranquil environment to slow down in a city that is always fast-paced. The store also carries artisan lifestyle products like soaps, reusable utensils, handmade candles, and healthy beverages, do head down if this sounds like your potential cosy reading spot!

Address: 30A Yishun Central 1, Singapore 768796

Opening hours:

Monday-Friday: 11.30am – 7pm
Saturday: 10am – 7pm
Sunday: 10am – 6pm

Tel: (65) 8866 4985

The Zall Bookstore

Situated in the city’s heart, The Zall Bookstore is the first Chinese-themed bookstore in Singapore that collaborates books, art and craft with dining. With over 30,000 titles in this 2-storey store, patrons are spoilt for choices while soaking up the beauty of artworks in this minimalistic space. Separating the cafe area from the book section allows patrons to sit with their readings while basking in the coffee aroma. Find yourself lost in the beautiful architecture, a diverse range of titles and the artworks displayed in the cafe. It is a hidden gem for bookworms to seek solace in the busy environment of the city.

The Zall Bookstore 卓尔书店

Wheelock Place, 501 Orchard Road, #01-02/#02-18, Singapore 238880

Opening Hours: 11am – 9:30pm (Mon-Sun)

Hope these recommendations are helpful in finding your potential reading nook in Singapore!

16 Top Universities in UK for Singapore Students


If you’ve explored education in the UK, you may have come across the “Russell Group”. It consists of 24 reputable research-intensive institutions of higher learning which, together, produce over two-thirds of world-leading research from UK universities.

If you’re curious about these universities, we share brief descriptions of 16 of them and other good-to-know information here. We will share about the other eight progressively, so stay posted!

Do note that all information serves as a guide and should not be taken as definitive: do conduct your own research to make sure a university is suitable for you! For example, each university’s “Strongest Disciplines” section is not exhaustive.

1) Durham University

Durham University was founded in 1832 and is widely regarded to be the UK’s third-oldest university. It is a ‘collegiate’ university surrounded by history: Durham Castle has been home to University College, the university’s oldest college, since 1837. Harry Potter enthusiasts would also know that the nearby Durham Cathedral was a filming location for the movies.

The university has many interesting CCAs, such as the Durham University Society of Change Ringers, and degree options, such as the Combined Honours in Social Sciences. Compared to larger cities, Durham is smaller and quieter — most walk around to get to places instead of taking public transport — but it still has plenty to do and tons of beautiful views!

Quick Facts

Student Population: 20,268 (2020–2021 figures)

International Fees: £23,500 to £30,000 for undergraduate studies per annum (2023)

Faculties/Schools: Business School, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Faculty of Science, Faculty of Social Sciences and Health

Strongest Disciplines include: Geography, Archaeology, Theology & Religion

QS Ranking 2023: 92nd worldwide, 15th in the UK

THE Ranking 2023: =198th worldwide, 26th in the UK

2) University of Cambridge

The University of Cambridge is well-known for being one of the best universities in the world. It is a ‘collegiate’ university located in a beautiful university town, and those who enjoy picturesque views and old-world vibes will love their time here. Cambridge University offers a plus-point in their small-group sessions, which usually comprise only one to three students and provide the opportunity for more discussions and intellectual exploration.

Cambridge guarantees most students College-owned accommodation for at least three years. Its admission process is slightly different from most UK universities in that there are assessments and admissions interviews, so you may want to prepare for them early on!

Note*: Candidates cannot apply to both Cambridge and Oxford during the same admission year

Quick Facts

Student Population: 24,270 (2020–2021 figures)

International Fees: £24,507 to £63,990 for undergraduate studies per annum (2023)

Faculties/Schools: Arts and Humanities, Biological Sciences, Clinical Medicine, Humanities and Social Sciences, Physical Sciences, and Technology

Strongest Disciplines include: Sciences and Mathematics

QS Ranking 2023: 2nd worldwide, 1st in the UK

THE Ranking 2023: =3rd worldwide, 2nd in the UK

3) University of Oxford

The other half of the famous ‘Oxbridge’ duo, the University of Oxford counts JRR Tolkien, Albert Einstein, Margaret Thatcher and more amongst its alumni. It is also a collegiate university and does not have a main campus. This means that, if accepted, you will take the bulk of your classes through one of the 44 colleges or permanent private halls (such as tutorials), and much of your university life (accommodation, social events) will revolve around the college you enter.

The University of Oxford is home to the UK’s oldest museum in the UK, the world’s largest University Press, the UK’s oldest Botanic garden,

Note*: Candidates cannot apply to both Cambridge and Oxford during the same admission year

Quick Facts

Student Population: Approx. 26,455

International Fees: Between £28,950 and £44,240 for undergraduate studies per annum (2023)

Faculties/Schools: Humanities, Mathematical, Physical & Life Sciences, Medical Sciences, and Social Sciences

Strongest Disciplines include: Humanities

QS Ranking 2023: 4th worldwide, 2nd in the UK

THE Ranking 2023: 1st worldwide, 1st in the UK

4) University of Bristol

Did you know that Ribena, the beloved drink, was created by a scientist at the University of Bristol in 1933? The University is housed in a vibrant city with a flourishing media scene and many independent media outlets, and people of many nationalities. While smaller than London and other major cities, the UNESCO city of film does not lose out with its many green spaces and harbourside.

According to the ‘Graduate Market in 2022’ report[i], which surveyed 100 of the UK’s most successful organisations, graduates from the University of Bristol were the third most sought after.

Quick Facts

Student Population: 20,311 undergraduates, 7,202 postgraduates (AY 19/20). Approximately 20% are international students.

International Fees: £22,200 to £29,000 for undergraduate studies per annum (2023)

Faculties/Schools: Arts, Engineering, Health Sciences, Life Sciences, Sciences, Social Sciences & Law

Strongest Disciplines include: Clinical Health, Education, Physical Sciences, Law, Psychology

QS Ranking 2023: =61st worldwide, 9th in the UK

THE Ranking 2023: 76th worldwide, 9th in the UK

5) University of Birmingham

The University of Birmingham was founded in 1900 as England’s first civic university, and has a history of many firsts: it was the first UK university to establish a Faculty of Commerce and accept women into medical degrees.

The University of Birmingham also has one of the UK’s largest international student populations. The University’s alumni and staff have achieved Nobel Prizes in Physics, Chemistry, and Physiology or Medicine; its research expertise lies in low carbon energy, health and medical technology, advanced materials and nanotechnology, environment and the social sciences.

Quick Facts

Student Population: Approx. 28,000 with 9,000 international students

International Fees: £21,000 to £46,320 for undergraduate studies per annum (AY2023/24)

Faculties/Schools: College of Arts and Law, College of Medical and Dental Sciences, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, College of Engineering and Physical Sciences, and College of Social Sciences

Strongest Disciplines include: Engineering, Sciences

QS Ranking 2023: 91st worldwide, 14th in the UK

THE Ranking 2023: =108th worldwide, 12th in the UK

6) University of Exeter

The University of Exeter is located in the student-friendly city of Exeter, Devon. It is close to the coastline and green spaces, and beaches; this proximity to the outdoors is something students greatly appreciate. The university was awarded Gold in 2017 under the Teaching Excellence Framework (TEF) awards. Sports enthusiasts will also be interested in its vibrant sports culture: the university has 50 sports clubs!

Exeter is a small city and everything is generally within walkable distance (around twenty minutes or so), which is a draw.

Quick Facts

Student Population: 30,012 (AY 21/22)

International Fees: £21,500 to £41,500 for undergraduate studies per annum (2023)

Faculties/Schools: 1) Faculty of Environment, Science and Economy, 2) Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, 3) Faculty of Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences

Strongest Disciplines include: Sports and Health Sciences, Drama

QS Ranking 2023: 163rd worldwide, 23rd in the UK

THE Ranking 2023: =137th worldwide, 19th in the UK

7) University of Edinburgh

The University of Edinburgh is steeped in history: it is the sixth oldest university in the UK and the oldest civic foundation in the English-speaking world. It has three colleges teaching the Arts, Humanities & Social Sciences, Medicine & Veterinary Medicine, as well as Science & Engineering.

Many illustrious figures have passed through the university’s halls: these include Charles Darwin, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (who found inspiration for the beloved Sherlock Holmes series here), Alexander Graham Bell, and David Hume. Widely regarded as Scotland’s best university, it has a high concentration of international students.

Quick Facts

Student Population: 20,268 (2020–2021 figures)

International Fees:  Approx £23,100 to £32,100 for undergraduate studies per annum (AY 2022-2023)

Faculties/Schools: College of Arts, Humanities & Social Sciences, College of Medicine & Veterinary Medicine, and College of Science & Engineering

Strongest Disciplines include: Veterinary Medicine, Education, Sports related subjects

QS Ranking 2023: 15th worldwide, 5th in the UK

THE Ranking 2023: 29th worldwide, 5th in the UK

8) University of Glasgow

The University of Glasgow was established in 1451 and is Scotland’s second-oldest university. Named the Scottish University of the Year in The Times and The Sunday Times Good University Guide 2022, it is an extremely photogenic campus with over 90 undergraduate degrees on offer. Its alma mater include Nicola Sturgeon (First Minister of Scotland),  actor Gerard Butler, and James Watt (a notable figure in steam engine technology, who worked in the university and was later awarded a Doctorate).

Quick Facts

Student Population: 34,811 (2020–2021 figures)

International Fees:  Approx £23,520 to £53,460 for undergraduate studies per annum (AY 2023)

Faculties/Schools: College of Arts, College of Medical, Veterinary & Life Sciences, College of Social Sciences, and College of Science & Engineering

Strongest Disciplines include: Nursing, Food Science, Sports Science

QS Ranking 2023: 81st worldwide, 12th in the UK

THE Ranking 2023: =82nd worldwide, 10th in the UK

9) Cardiff University

Cardiff University was established in 1883, the only Welsh university in the Russell Group. Wales’ biggest and third-oldest university is located within the city centre and has a beautiful campus that regularly makes Top 10 lists. You’ll be able to travel out to beaches and seaside towns in a jiffy via train if you need a quick break.

Here’s something interesting: Cardiff University offers all degree students a chance to learn another language via their Languages for All programme! It’s free of charge, with languages such as Arabic, French, and German on offer.

Quick Facts

Student Population: 33,510 (AY 20/21). Approximately 23% are international students.

International Fees: £20,450 to £25,450 for undergraduate studies per annum (2023)

Faculties/Schools: College of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences, College of Biomedical and Life Sciences, College of Physical Sciences and Engineering

Strongest Disciplines include: Architecture/Built Environment, Communication and Media Studies, Psychology

QS Ranking 2022: 166th worldwide, 24th in the UK

THE Ranking 2023: =187th worldwide, 24th in the UK

10) University of Leeds

One of Leeds’ six universities, the University of Leeds was established in 1904. It is a short distance away from Leeds City Centre, and the campus is a blend of historic buildings and new architecture. The university has an active student union and a union building with everything from cafes to theatres.

Cool fact for you: J.R.R Tolkien taught English Language here in 1924!

Quick Facts

Student Population: Over 39,000 students. Approximately 34% are international students.

International Fees: £22,250 to £39,750 for undergraduate studies per annum (2023)

Faculties/Schools: Faculty of Arts, Humanities and Cultures, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Business, Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences, Faculty of Environment, Faculty of Medicine and Health, and Faculty of Social Sciences

Strongest Disciplines include: Business, Engineering

QS Ranking 2022: 86th worldwide, 13th in the UK

THE Ranking 2023: =128th worldwide, 17th in the UK

11) University of Manchester


The University of Manchester is one of the UK’s largest universities, which counts actor Benedict Cumberbatch and Senior Minister of Singapore Teo Chee Hean as alumni. What’s unique is that it is a single-campus university, so you will be able to mix with all your university cohort and the diverse student population.

The university’s achievements include being the birthplace of nuclear physics and the principles of modern economics.

Quick Facts

Student Population: 40,485 (AY 20/21)

International Fees: £20,000 to £47,000 for undergraduate studies per annum (2022)

Faculties/Schools: Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Faculty of Science and Engineering

Strongest Disciplines include: Engineering, Sciences

QS Ranking 2022: 28th worldwide, 6th in the UK

THE Ranking 2023: =54th worldwide, 8th in the UK

12) King’s College London

Founded in 1829, King’s College London is a constituent college of the University of London. Often regarded as London’s most central university, 4 of 5 campuses are close to the river Thames. It has a very diverse international student populace as well as a big postgraduate pool.

The institution is the largest healthcare learning centre in Europe, owing to its partnership with three leading teaching hospitals. Famous alumni of King’s College London include John Keats (poet), Florence Nightingale and the physicist Professor Peter Higgs.

Quick Facts

Student Population: 29,637

International Fees: £23,160 to £45,420 for undergraduate studies per annum (2023)

Faculties/Schools: Faculty of Arts & Humanities, King’s Business School, Faculty of Dentistry, Oral & Craniofacial Sciences, The Dickson Poon School of Law, Faculty of Life Sciences & Medicine, Faculty of Natural, Mathematical & Engineering Sciences, Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing, Midwifery & Palliative Care, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, and the Faculty of Social Science & Public Policy

Strongest Disciplines include: Medicine, Law

QS Ranking 2022: 37th worldwide, 7th in the UK

THE Ranking 2023: 35th worldwide, 6th in the UK

13) Newcastle University

Founded in 1834, Newcastle University was once called King’s College. One of 13 UK universities to achieve 5 QS Stars for Graduate Employability (2023), Newcastle University has overseas campuses here and in Malaysia. Newcastle is a smaller town known for friendly people and vibrant student night life.

Quick Facts

Student Population: 26,597 on campus (AY 21/22)

International Fees: £21,000 to £40,500 for undergraduate studies per annum (2023)

Faculties/Schools: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Medical Sciences and Faculty of Science, Agriculture and Engineering

Strongest Disciplines include: Medicine, Dentistry

QS Ranking 2022: 122nd worldwide, 19th in the UK

THE Ranking 2023: =139th worldwide, 20th in the UK

14) London School of Economics and Political Science

The London School of Economics and Political Science was founded in 1895 and is a specialist social science university. Home to one of the largest social science libraries in Europe, the institution is located in Central London.

In 2021 LSE became the first Carbon Neutral verified university in the UK.

Quick Facts

Student Population: 11,689 (AY 20/21). Approximately 51% were international students.

International Fees: £24,720 to £26,592 for undergraduate studies per annum (2023)

Faculties/Schools:  Department of Methodology, Department of Philosophy, Logic and Scientific Method, Department of Psychological and Behavioural Science, School of Public Policy, Department of Social Policy, Department of Sociology, Department of Statistics, Department of International History, International Inequalities Institute, Department of International Relations, Language Centre, LSE Law School, Department of Management, Marshall Institute, Department of Mathematics, Department of Media and Communications, Department of Finance, Firoz Lalji Institute for Africa, Department of Gender Studies, Department of Geography and Environment, Department of Government, Department of Health Policy, Department of International Development, Department of Accounting, Department of Anthropology, Data Science Institute, Department of Economics, Department of Economic History, European Institute

Strongest Disciplines include: Geography, Media & Communications, Social Policy

QS Ranking 2022: 56th worldwide, 8th in the UK

THE Ranking 2023: 37th worldwide, 7th in the UK

15) Imperial College London

Formerly part of the University of London, Imperial College London is unique in that it is the only university in the UK to focus on science, engineering, medicine and business. Regarded as the UK’s MIT, it is highly international: 60% of its students are from outside the UK, and it has many international research collaborations.

Imperial College has an Undergraduate Research Opportunities Programme (UROP) open to all undergraduates that may be of interest.

Quick Facts

Student Population: 22,445 (AY 20/21)

International Fees: £35,100 to £46,650 for undergraduate studies per annum (2023)

Faculties/Schools: Faculty of Engineering, Faculty of Medicine, Faculty of Natural Sciences

Strongest Disciplines include: Medicine, Engineering

QS Ranking 2022: =6th worldwide, 3rd in the UK

THE Ranking 2023: 10th worldwide, 3rd in the UK

16) University of Liverpool

The University of Liverpool was founded in 1881 as University College Liverpool, and today is known for being one of the original red brick universities. It was the UK’s first university to establish departments in oceanography, civic design, architecture, and biochemistry.

If you become a student of this university, you’ll be pleased to know that their student accommodation came up tops in the UK for university halls during the National Student Housing Awards (2021).

Quick Facts

Student Population: Over 22,000 students on campus. Approximately 35% are international students.

International Fees: £20,900 to £40,950 for undergraduate studies per annum (2023)

Faculties/Schools:  School of the Arts, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Environmental Sciences, School of Electrical Engineering, Electronics and Computer Science, Faculty of Humanities & Social Sciences, University of Liverpool Management School, School of Physical Sciences, School of Medicine, School of Veterinary Science

Strongest Disciplines include: Medicine, Dentistry, Business, Law, Architecture and Engineering

QS Ranking 2022: =190th worldwide, 26th in the UK

THE Ranking 2023: =176th worldwide, 23rd in the UK


After finding out more about the various universities, which one(s) are you interested in? Let us know in the comments, and we hope you get to study at the institution of your choice!

[i] https://www.highfliers.co.uk/download/2022/graduate_market/GM22-report.pdf

5 Vet courses in Singapore for the vet hopefuls


The Veterinary field has become increasingly popular with Singaporeans, and there is a demand for manpower in the pet sector. Are you one such individual? While many opt to go abroad to pursue veterinary studies, Singapore currently has 3 veterinary-related courses you can consider.

Who should become a Vet?

Having a deep love of animals is a good start, but it definitely isn’t enough! Vets are surgeons, dentists, anaesthetists, radiologists, and obstetricians all at once. Accordingly, their studies are intense and do not lose out to medical degrees in any way. If you’re not ready for this, do rethink your decision.

Another important thing to note is that a key part of a vet’s job is human interaction; choosing this field in order to avoid talking to people would be a grave mistake. Of course, you must also learn to be comfortable with mess (we’re talking about bodily fluids, poop, pee, and the like).

To become a vet, you must complete a five or six-year undergraduate course (after high school for those entering British or Commonwealth Universities or in their education systems). Alternatively, you can read a two-to-four-year related undergraduate course before heading for a four-year Doctor of Veterinary Medicine course (the system NUS currently adopts).

What type of Vet can I become?

There are many types of vets out there! Here are a few sample paths/specialisations you can explore.

1) Companion Animal Veterinarians

Also known as small animal veterinarians, these individuals care for your cats, dogs and more! They are the ‘family doctors’ in the industry who provide the primary care, from annual check-ups and vaccinations to sterilisations, that our furry friends need. They can be found in pet hospitals, clinics and private practices.

2) Veterinary Specialists

According to the Singapore Veterinary Association, these individuals are those who have “undergone extensive training in a chosen field of discipline”. They must have gone through a rigorous training programme, published studies in peer-reviewed journals, be involved in a set minimal amount of cases and pass an exhaustive examination process.

Some fields of specialisation include internal medicine, ophthalmology, dermatology, and neurology.

3) Food-Animal Veterinarians

These vets care for livestock or farm animals raised for food consumption and production. They are key to maintaining a healthy food supply but are less commonly found in Singapore due to limited demand.

4) Research Veterinarians

These vets may work in labs, universities (in research teams), or other research environments to prevent, treat and diagnose human and animal health problems. They may also be involved in ensuring that any animals involved in any tests are properly and humanely cared for.

Research veterinarians require extensive training; you can expect them to have Doctorates in Veterinary Medicine and higher-level qualifications (Doctorates/Master’s) in another field.

How to Become a Vet in Singapore

The Agri-Food and Veterinary Authority of Singapore (AVA) recognises degrees from the United Kingdom, Australia, and New Zealand, as well as US veterinary schools accredited by the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA). Those with non-recognised degrees may still be eligible for licensing; do check the Singapore Veterinary Association’s website for further details.

Alternate paths for those who do not intend to practise include Research & Development (in academia, pet food companies, pharmaceutical companies, etc.) and careers with the AVA.

If you’re unsure about taking this niche path, do take up a volunteering stint with an animal clinic or a student attachment first! The Singapore Veterinary Association (SVA) provides a list of AVA-registered vet clinics here.

What is a Vet’s average salary?

According to Payscale, the median annual salary of a Veterinarian is SGD 48,935. This increases as you grow in seniority.

Without further ado, here are your options should you want to read a veterinary course in Singapore.

I’m keen on a career in the Veterinary field, but I don’t want to be a Vet

You can become a Vet Tech! Vet Techs assist Vets in the diagnosing and treating of animals. Their duties include the administering of medications and vaccinations, collecting samples, wound care, basic lab work, procedures such as teeth cleaning, monitoring vital statistics, and so on. Generally, the terms vet tech and vet nurse are interchangeable in many places. Here in Singapore, Temasek Polytechnic and Ngee Ann Polytechnic offer programmes to get you started in this career.

According to Payscale, the median annual salary of a Vet Tech is SGD 28,788, with this figure increasing as you grow in seniority.


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Here are the schools in Singapore offering veterinary courses!

Course List*:

*All course fees are for 2022/23 intakes and are subject to changes depending on the school. All fees are in SGD unless otherwise stated. This is merely a list and not an endorsement of the courses listed, do conduct sufficient research to make sure a course fits your needs!

Launched in 2018, this is Singapore’s first-ever offering for veterinary science at the degree level. Interested students must first gain admission into NUS’s Faculty of Science and declare their intent to major in Life Sciences. They can then apply for the programme within the stipulated time frame and await an interview if shortlisted.

Students in this Combined Degree Programme are expected to maintain a CAP of 4.00 or above for the first 5 semesters to gain admittance into the Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (DVM) programme. They will then head to the University of Melbourne in semester six when they begin studying for the DVM in earnest.

Students in this programme have the option of exiting and continuing with the default choice of study (BSc in Life Sciences). Graduates of the DVM programme will be able to practise in Australia, New Zealand, Canada, the USA, the UK, Singapore and Hong Kong.

Duration: 5.5–6.5 years in total

Fees (approximate): When broken down, local students have to pay approximately SGD 20,625 for the first 5 semesters in NUS, AUD $50,460 for the sixth and seventh semesters (first year of DVM that double counts toward the BSc), and AUD 232,032 for the remaining 3 years (paid as an international graduate student).

Curriculum: The DVM at the University of Melbourne has 4 tracks: the Small Animal Track, the Production Animal Track, the Equine Track, and last but not least, the Government, Industry and Conservation Health track. The last year of the DVM will involve industry placements.

The first polytechnic to offer a full-time course in Veterinary Technology, Temasek Polytechnic has the added advantage of having its own veterinary clinic (called the TP Animal Clinic and licensed in 2011) that serves as a learning enterprise for student training. With Ngee Ann Polytechnic’s Diploma in Veterinary Bioscience no longer accepting students, the Polytechnic is currently the only one to offer a full-time Veterinary Science related course. Students will have to undertake an internship locally or overseas in their final year, and one of their internship partners is the Mars Veterinary Health Group, which the Veterinary Emergency and Specialty (VES) Hospital is part of.

Duration: 3 years

Fees: SGD 3,000 per annum for Singaporean students (with Study Grant), SGD 6,200 per annum for PRs (with Study Grant), and SGD 11,400 for International students (with Study Grant)

Curriculum: Students will read modules such as Basic Microbiology, Animal Anatomy & Physiology, Aquatic Care, Health & Diseases, Veterinary Pharmacology & Toxicology, as well as Fundamental Subject modules and a Major Project.

This course is a Work-Study Post-Diploma programme for fresh polytechnic graduates (within 3 years of graduation) with full-time applied sciences-related courses of study (mentioned below) who are interested in becoming a Junior Veterinary Technician. Only those who are hired successfully and placed on this programme by participating companies will be invited to apply.

The relevant feeder courses include Veterinary Technology, Veterinary Bioscience, Biomedical Science, Biotechnology, Pharmacy, Nursing, and Occupational Therapy.

Duration: 12 months

Fees (payable per PDC): SGD 500.76 for Singaporeans 40 and below, SGD 333.84 for Singaporeans 40 and above, SGD 1,335.36 for PRs, SGD 344.76 for those under Enhanced Training Support, SGD 3,338.40 for others

Curriculum: Modules include 1) Animal Communication, Behaviour and Enrichment, 2) Animal Nursing Care and Health, 3) Animal Rescue Care, 4) Fundamentals of Complementary Veterinary Medicine and Care, 5) Animal Rehabilitation and Wellness Techniques, and 6) Animal Rehabilitation and Wellness Techniques

Offered by NP’s School of Life Sciences & Chemical Technology, this programme consists of 2 Post Diploma Certificates: the Post-Diploma Certificate in Clinical Procedures and the Post-Diploma Certificate in Professional Practices. Applicants should have a local Polytechnic Diploma or Degree in a relevant discipline or at least 5 years of relevant working experience. There will be an interview and/or an entrance test.

Duration: 12 months (lessons held thrice a week per semester in the evenings, 4 hours each time)

Fees (per semester): SGD 448.53 for Singaporeans 40 and below, SGD 299.01 for Singaporeans 40 and above, SGD 1196.04 for PRs, SGD 308.79 for those under Enhanced Training Support, SGD 2990.13 for others

Curriculum: Modules studied include Clinical Diagnostic Techniques, Emergency and Critical Care, Pain Management and Anaesthesia, Veterinary Products and Services, Shelter Management, as well as Clinical Applications

This course is conducted via blended learning, with both face-to-face and online lessons. It consists of two PDCs: the Post-Diploma Certificate in Essentials of Veterinary Clinical Science and the Post-Diploma Certificate in Fundamentals in Veterinary Clinical Science.

You will need a local Polytechnic Diploma or a recognised Degree to enrol for this course. If you do not have the former, you may be accepted if you have at least 5 years of relevant working experience or supporting evidence of competency readiness. There will be an interview and/or an entrance test.

Duration: 1 year (lessons held thrice a week per semester in the evenings, 4 hours each time)

Fees (per semester): SGD 398.69 for Singaporeans 40 and below, SGD 274.48 for Singaporeans 40 and above, SGD 1063.15 for PRs, SGD 272.51 for those under Enhanced Training Support, SGD 2657.89 for others

Curriculum: Modules studied include Veterinary Professional Essentials, Veterinary Diseases & Pathology, Veterinary Anatomy & Physiology, Veterinary Clinical Pathology & Immunology, Veterinary Pharmacology & Toxicology, as well as Veterinary Diagnostics, Surgical & Treatment Procedures


We wish you all the best in your future veterinary career!


Tired of searching and comparing various veterinary course?

A Finals survival guide for Literature students


Finals are every student’s worst nightmare, from pulling all-nighters to watching lecture videos at 2x speed. In addition, literature assignments and exams require extensive knowledge of the course materials. Thus, we have to spend hours reading and understanding our assigned texts. However, throughout my studies as a Literature student, I found specific study tips and applications that made revision less painful than it usually is.

Read more to learn about helpful tips and apps I recommend for every Literature student.

3 Applications commonly used by Literature students:

1. Grammarly

Grammarly is widely adopted by university students worldwide. It is an automated proofreading application that corrects your grammar and spelling errors. In addition, subscribing to their premium membership can suggest sentences based on your writing goals.

As literature students, churning out essays is a norm. Even when preparing for my finals, I write my notes on Google Docs. However, sometimes we may make a few pesky spelling errors that need to be noticed along the way. Therefore, I use Grammarly for all my assignments and essays to maintain my clarity and avoid careless spelling mistakes.

Did you know that Grammarly has a plagiarism checker?

This is a lifesaver when I can tweak my writing and avoid plagiarism all in one site. It’s a must-have tool that I bookmark in my browser to proofread my essays and ensure they are concise and effective in presenting my arguments.

2. Purdue Online Writing Lab

Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL) is a comprehensive guide every student needs to use in their university years. It has a detailed guide and instructions on different citation styles, for example, the Modern Language Association (MLA) and American Psychological Association (APA) formatting. The website offers resources for anyone looking to improve their general writing skills, brush up on how to avoid plagiarism and even have subject-related writing guides for students from all courses! I utilise the MLA citation for all of my essays. Thus, I have saved this page for easy reference for future articles and assignments.

For literature students, you can check out OWL’s writing guide for Writing in Literature to access resources for writing about literature across various genres and contexts. This is handy for breaking down lofty literature jargon and understanding literary context outside classroom resources.

3. Project Gutenberg

Project Gutenberg is an online library database of over 60,000 free ebooks. Available to browse on tablets, kindles and most mobile devices, you can gain access to course readings and even storybooks without spending money! Available in different formats, with options to show or hide illustrations, it is every literature student’s best friend (and their wallet too).

Extra tip:

When revising for finals, CTRL + F keywords in Project Gutenberg to save hours of flipping those hardcopies when revising! However, always check for the citation guidelines if you use an ebook as a reference.

Two exam preparation tips every Literature student should know!

1. Mind maps and Summary Sheets

Mind maps are a standard studying method across different faculties of study. Surprisingly, it effectively remembers significant literary events and connects different themes with shared ideas. As literature students, we must understand and memorise key historical moments and their important literary context.

For example, the 19th Century Victorian education imposed an Elementary Education Act in 1870 (historical context), reflected in Lewis Carroll’s Alice in Wonderland (literary significance). Listing down all historical periods required for exams and taking note of the academic importance of a particular period is easy to memorise and understand complex historical contexts.

Summary sheets are also a crowd favourite of many literature students. It is impossible to read and memorise 90+ slides of materials for an exam. Therefore, a concise and effective way is to summarise all the key points that require more attention. This is helpful when we start worrying that all information has been deleted from our brains. Whipping out your summary sheets for a quick revision before the exam is a refresher for your mind and calming your nerves before entering the exam hall.

2. Mock Thesis Statements

Literature students are often tested on their ability to craft detailed and argumentative thesis statements within time constraints. When writing essays, we don’t usually feel the pressure to create a perfectly succinct thesis statement within a time limit; however, this isn’t the case during examinations. It is hard to develop a contestable thesis statement with clear argumentative points within a time limit. However, it is not impossible with some practice.

Always check if you have access to past exam materials and time yourself to create mock thesis statements to facilitate the flow and build confidence for your thesis skills in examinations.

These are all the tips I have learnt so far in my two years as a literature undergraduate. Exam season is very taxing on both our physical and mental bodies, do ensure you are taking sufficient breaks in between!

All the best for your examinations

How to become a pilot in Singapore through 3 different routes


The job of an airline pilot is no doubt extremely rewarding, exciting and glamorous. But what is the procedure to become a pilot in Singapore? As far as the job of a pilot is concerned, it is much more than simply submitting a resume and getting a job offer one fine morning. Apart from fulfilling certain mandatory requirements, an aspirant has to work hard and possess a lot of dedication.

Today, the world faces a shortage of pilots. Part of this owes itself to the pandemic, but also to many other factors. These include the uptake in air travel across the years as well as mandatory retirement for senior pilots (typically around 60+ years of age worldwide).

In Singapore, you can either be an RSAF (Republic of Singapore Air Force) pilot or a commercial pilot. However, it has been seen that a number of RSAF pilots join as commercial pilots for Singapore Airlines following their retirement from the RSAF.  Let us see the procedures.

Things to know about Becoming an RSAF pilot

There are three pilot streams open to you if you join the RSAF. These are:

  1. The Fighter pilot stream

2) The Helicopter pilot stream

3) The Transport pilot stream

The basic requirements to become a pilot with the Singapore Military Air Force include the following. Most of these also apply for commercial pilot cadets:

  • One must be a Singapore Permanent Resident or a Singapore Citizen aged 18 years or above
  • The aspirant should possess a complete GCE ‘A’ Level Certification/IB Certificate or a relevant Degree/Diploma
  • Medical fitness (Physical Employment Status A or B)
  • Eyesight correctable to 6/6 vision, not over 600 degrees for each eye
  • Normal colour vision with no significant deficiencies of the eye
  • Astigmatism not over 200 degrees for each eye
  • Height should vary from 1.62m to 1.90m

All who join RSAF as trainee pilots are required to sign a contract or bond of 10 years and have the provision for working until they are 50 years of age. The starting salary for cadets is SGD $2,420, and on obtaining Wings, pilots can earn up to around SGD $3,500. Extra benefits include flying allowances and pilot allowances. Within 10 years, a pilot attaining the Captain or Major rank can draw a salary of more than SGD $10,000 per month. Again, a senior pilot of the rank of LTC can receive over SGD $15,000 in salary per month (depending on aircraft flown and number of hours flown). RSAF pilots are automatically under the Enhanced Officers Scheme, which provides flexible benefits (in the form of credits), lifestyle benefits and more.

Disclaimer: Figures provided above are ballpark estimates as salaries are often adjusted

Selection Process

To become an RSAF pilot, the candidate has to go through a rigorous selection process involving three stages. The first stage involves the 5-hour Computerized Aptitude Selection System (COMPASS) test, which evaluates areas such as spatial awareness, multitasking under stress, psycho-motor skills and decision-making ability.


Candidates who are successful in the COMPASS test have to go through the second stage, which involves an interview with the Pilot Selection Board, comprising a panel of around 4 RSAF officers. The main aspects assessed in the interview include leadership qualities and the candidate’s interest in becoming an RSAF pilot.

The last stage of the selection process includes an aeromedical checkup, wherein the candidate’s medical fitness, along with the capability of functioning in unnatural surroundings, is evaluated by aviation doctors. Upon qualifying for all these levels, the candidate gets selected and begins BMT (Basic Military Training).

Here is the training breakdown:

Basic Military Training
9 weeks
Air Grading (Jandakot, Australia)
2 months
Common Leadership Module (SAFTI MI)
2 weeks
Air Force Service Term (SAFTI MI)
7 weeks
Jungle Orientation Training
2 weeks
Aviation Ground School (AFTC)
3 months
Basic Wing Course (Pearce, Australia)
6-9 months
Advanced Flying Course
Up to 15 months


Joining the SYFC (Singapore Youth Flying Club) is highly recommended for those who aspire to become RSAF pilots. You can become a part of SYFC while you are still at school, and this can replace your obligatory CCA in school. The SYFC has close connections with the RSAF, and if a student manages to obtain a private pilot’s license, the road to becoming a pilot becomes easier.


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A Singaporean male student has to enrol in National Service following completion of pre-tertiary studies. RSAF recruitment talks are carried out during the initial three months of BMT. If your dream is to become an RSAF pilot, grab the opportunity and talk to the recruiters about this!

For those who successfully enlist as an RSAF pilot, do try applying for the SAF-Merit Scholarship! It’s available to both locals and PRs and will cover your tuition fees for up to 4 years as well as provide you with a monthly salary throughout, among others. Competition is tough, but there’s no harm in trying. right? Check the details out here!

pilot - Singapore

Procedure for Becoming a Commercial Pilot

The RSAF is undoubtedly the first choice for those aspiring to become a pilot in Singapore. However, if you fail to qualify for the RSAF, there are indeed chances of becoming a commercial pilot. First of all, you need to get a medical examination scheduled with a selected medical examiner.

Following this, you are required to apply for a Student Pilot License offered by the Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore (CAAS). After this, an application can be made to join some of the flight schools present in Singapore, such as the Singapore Flying College or the Seletar Flight School. One can get trained for joining the Singapore Airlines Group (if you are a successful candidate with SIA (Singapore Airlines/Scoot), your training is fully funded).

With the help of a Commercial Pilot License, one can become the co-pilot and the Pilot In Command of a multi-crew aircraft and single-crew aircraft, respectively. The required criteria are the following (generally):

  • The applicant’s age must be 18 years or more.
  • Class I/II Medical Requirements must be met
  • It is mandatory for the applicant to demonstrate the capability of understanding and speaking English to a minimum of Level 4 (Operational Level) as per guidelines laid down by the Language Proficiency Rating Scale of ICAO.

However, it should be noted that job openings for commercial pilots are very rare in Singapore. Moreover, when it comes to commercial pilot recruitment, there are a number of applicants who are RSAF retirees. Since they are already trained and have accumulated extensive flight time, their chances of getting hired are really high.

Note: Aspiring Singaporean female pilots, there is a scholarship from Revion Training School that you can apply for to help defray expenses! (caveat: it is only tenable with Revion Training School). It covers tuition fees, CAAS Examination fees, ATPL iBooks as well as a navigation computer. We’re not sure if it’s only a one-time thing, so do check back regularly!

Going private

If you want to fly an aeroplane badly but have exhausted the above 2 options to no avail,  consider taking a private pilot license instead. The downside is that you will not be able to bring a hundred people with you to the sky. If a commercial pilot is a bus captain, then a private pilot is a car driver. Okay, not exactly the best analogy… but you get the idea.


With a PPL or Private Pilot License, the holder can fly as the co-pilot or the PIC (Pilot in Command) of an aircraft registered in Singapore, not for reward or hire, but for the aircraft categories which the license endorses.

The following criteria must be met by the applicants:

  • The applicant’s age must not be below 17 years.
  • The applicant must conform to Class 2 Medical Requirements. If the applicant desires a PPL along with Instrument Rating, he or she must conform to a Class 1 Medical Requirement
  • Level 4 English speaking and understanding ability as per ICAO Language Proficiency Rating Scale is required
  • complete an approved flight training programme that meets the minimum flying experience requirements; and pass the flight test

You can also obtain a Recreational Pilot License (RPL) by taking a Recreational Pilot Certificate course. You’ll learn how to fly a Light Sports Aircraft, with the hours in the LSA counting towards the PPL and CPL. The RPL can also be taken at a younger age, as in-aircraft flight training can commence from 14 years old.

So, if you are a student aspiring to fly high in the sky while taking the responsibility of guiding others to their destination, it’s time to get your pilot’s license. The RSAF is the most coveted opportunity, but if, unluckily, you didn’t manage to make it, do not despair. You can always fly high by becoming a commercial or a private pilot.


Tired of searching and comparing various pilot course?

16 digital marketing courses in Singapore to help you break into the hottest industry of the decade

Overwhelmed by the sheer number of digital marketing courses and not sure how to choose one? Check out our course selection tool and simply answer 3 simple questions!


What’s with the hype surrounding digital marketing courses in Singapore in recent years? And everywhere else, for that matter?

As digital transformation accelerates in Singapore, the need for digital skills will only continue to grow.

Curious how much digital marketing professionals earn? Based on The 2022 Hays Asia Salary Guide[ii], digital marketers in Singapore command the following*:


Salary Range:

Digital/Online Marketing Manager

80 – 120k

Digital Communication/ Content Manager

80 – 120k

Digital Acquisition/ Performance

80 – 130k

Head of Digital

140 – 200k

Head of eCommerce

140 – 200k

*These figures are not conclusive and should only be taken as a guide

If you’re looking to start your stable of digital skills with digital marketing, here’s a starter course list with the information you need to begin your search. Do note that some information, such as fees, may change yearly and are updated regularly! All information is up to date as of October 2022.

[i] https://public.tableau.com/app/profile/salesforceresearch/viz/DigitalSkillsIndex/CountryDB

[ii] https://www.hays.com.sg/salary-guide

How to choose a digital marketing course?

Download this free PDF, 5 steps to choosing a Digital Marketing Course from an industry insider's perspective.

Equinet Digital Marketing Banner
Lithan Academy Digital Marketing Banner

Short courses

1. Equinet Academy – Various short digital marketing courses

Equinet Academy was established in Singapore in 2013. Specialised in providing bite-sized Digital Marketing courses, the academy has equipped thousands of marketing professionals in Singapore and Southeast Asia with applicable digital marketing skills.

Programme Duration: 2-day digital marketing courses ranging from Search Engine Optimisation, Social Media Marketing, Digital Advertising, to Email Marketing and Web Analytics.

Accreditation: Equinet Academy is a WSQ Approved Training Organisation (ATO) in the Infocomm Technology (SF) WSQ framework.

Curriculum: Equinet Academy’s courses incorporate bite-sized modules and apply instructional design methodologies to enhance learning and retention. Gain a fundamental overview of various digital marketing channels and disciplines starting from the Digital Marketing Strategy course. Progress to specialised digital marketing channels including Search Engine Optimisation, Social Media Marketing, and Email Marketing.

Course Fees: SGD 950.16 (from $328.56 after up to 70% SkillsFuture Funding)

Prospects: Equinet Academy’s trainers and curriculum developers are industry experts with over a decade of experience in digital marketing. Rest assured you’ll be acquiring digital marketing skills and obtaining digital marketing knowledge that’s transferable and applicable to the workplace.

View other short courses list:

2. Singapore Institute of Retail Studies – Introduction to Digital Marketing

The Singapore Institute of Retail Studies has over 16 years of experience training retails professionals and those keen on careers in retail. The Introduction to Digital Marketing course is available as an online or face-to-face programme — do check back with the Institute for the exact dates.

Programme duration: 1 day, with break in-between (9am–12pm, 2–6pm)

Accreditation: Singapore Institute of Retail Studies is Singapore’s first Continuing Education and Training (CET) Institute, and the anchor training provider for the Retail industry (as appointed by SkillsFuture Singapore).

Curriculum: Covers a basic overview of digital marketing, why it is important, types of digital marketing, and the basics of SEO and SEM

Course Fees: SGD 25.41–67.41 for Singaporeans and Permanent Residents with relevant funding. The full course fee is SGD 224.70. This course is SkillsFuture Credit claimable, and self-sponsored individuals can also tap on the NTUC UTAP programme.

3. Singapore Management University – Professional Certificate in Digital Marketing

Known for its American-style, project-based education, SMU focuses on business and administration studies. Established in 2000, with a campus located in downtown Singapore, the university comprises seven schools (College of Integrative Studies’, as well as the Schools of Social Sciences, Law, Business Administration, Accountancy, Computing & Information Systems, and Economics) offering a wide range of undergrad and postgraduate programmes. The Professional Certificate in Digital Marketing is taught by industry practitioners.

Programme duration: 6 modules, each conducted over 2 consecutive evenings and 1 full day

Curriculum: Modules are 1) Social Media Marketing, 2) Search Engine Marketing, 3) Creating and Curating Display Content In Your Digital Strategy, 4) Creating and Curating Video Content In Your Digital Strategy, 5) Persuasive Copywriting In Your Digital Strategy and 6) Building A WordPress Site For Conversion.

Course fees: SGD 10,272. Students under/eligible for various SSG funding schemes may be able to subsidize up to 95% of course fees.

Prospects: You will acquire skills on how to use digital marketing tools that aid you in your SEM and Social Media Marketing, and learn how to craft compelling content that engages and sells. This Professional Certificate is also part of the Professional Certificate in E-Commerce.

4. Marketing Institute of Singapore – Integrated Digital Marketing Strategies

The Integrated Digital Marketing Strategies workshop is taught by an industry practitioner with over two decades of marketing and consulting experience. It is an intermediate-level program that will explore digital marketing from a local and regional lens, and the issues and challenges digital marketers will face. This workshop is for marketing managers, marketing directors, CMOs, account directors, planners, and anyone keen on digital marketing.

This course also offers the virtual learning option. 

Programme duration: 2 days (9am–5pm)

Accreditation: MIS is a not-for-profit organisation that was founded in 1973. It is also Singapore’s National Body for Sales and Marketing.

Curriculum: The course will provide an introduction to the digital marketing landscape, insights to the consumer journey and consumer behaviour, digital marketing channels, campaign tracking and optimisation, programmatic media buying, click fraud, media planning and more.

Course Fees: SGD 805.00 (MIS members enjoy 10% off). The course is SkillsFuture Credit, eligible and students get to enjoy a 10% discount when at least 8 participants register together.

Prospects: A better understanding of the digital marketing landscape.


1. Lithan Academy – Professional Diploma in Digital Marketing

Lithan Academy is an accredited training organization endorsed by various government agencies under Singapore’s ministry of education who have served over 50,000 learners and 2000 enterprises with an above 90% completion rate.

- Microsoft Global Learning Partner of the Year Award (Top 3) in 2018
- Asia’s Pearson’s College of the Year (Bronze) Award in 2019
- APAC CIO’s Top 10 Edutech Solution Provider Award in 2020.

Edutrust certified by Committee for Private Education (CPE) Singapore
- Appointed as CET Centre (Continuous Education) by SkillsFuture Singapore
- Accredited international training centers for Pearson UK.

Programme Duration: Part-time (9 months), Full-time (3 months)

Curriculum: Students will, in this diploma, learn the fundamentals of marketing tools such as Google Analytics and AdWords, and various other digital marketing concepts. By the end, you can expect to be able to set up and run Pay per Click (PPC) campaigns in AdWords and Facebook campaigns (amongst other skills)!

Course Fees: SGD 1,573.00-4,173.00 excluding misc. fees; the course is eligible for SSG funding . Do note that you must be aged 21 and above to enrol in this course.

Job Placement Assistance :  Help 500 locals (Singaporeans & PRs) found their dream careers every year.

Prospects: Working with more than 50 hiring employers at any point in time, Lithan Academy will connect you with the right employer to secure your first digital marketing job. You can anticipate interviews with prospective employers as a Digital Marketing Specialist.

View other diploma courses list:

The Diploma in Business Practice (Digital Marketing and Branding) aims to help students understand the changes that’ve taken place in the consumer decision-making process, acquire audio-visual content creation knowledge, learn how to analyse various kinds of data that will help in their digital marketing campaigns, and more.

Accreditation: NA

Programme duration: 2.5 years, with classes held online thrice weekly in the evenings. There will also be some in-person sessions.

Curriculum: The diploma comprises 5 modular certificates in Digital Marketing, Digital Communication and Engagement, Visual Storytelling for Production and Design, Business Operations, and Digital Business

Course Fees: SGD 1,693.80–2,503.80 for Singaporeans, SGD 1,693.80–6,741.00 for Permanent Residents, SGD 16,756.20 for other students. Course fees can be offset with SkillsFuture Credit.

Prospects: Graduates will be able to take on executive roles in the fields or functions of sales and marketing, digital marketing, branding, e-commerce, and social media. 

3. Temasek PolytechnicSpecialist Diploma in Digital Marketing & Communication Management

This Specialist Diploma, jointly awarded by Temasek Polytechnic and SMU Academy (the professional training arm of Singapore Management University), aims to impart skill sets transferable across numerous industries. Upon completion, students will be able to devise digital marketing and communication strategies as well as content, execute campaigns, manage mobile commerce activities and more.

Accreditation: NA

Programme duration: Part-time (1 year). The latest run commenced during October 2022.

Curriculum: Comprises the PDC in Digital Marketing & Communication taught by Temasek Polytechnic, and another PDC taught by SMU Academy. 3 modules are covered in TP’s PDC (Customer Engagement, Digital Content Management, as well as an Integrated Project), and 4 modules under SMU’s PDC (Social Media Marketing, Search Engine Marketing, Foundations of Brand Storytelling, as well as Business Storytelling Studio).

Course fees: For Temasek Polytechnic’s PDC, students will have to pay SGD 436.56 for Singaporeans aged 40 and below, and SGD 295.32 for Singaporeans above 40. Permanent residents will pay SGD 1,155.60. Those under relevant schemes pay a reduced fee of as low as SGD 304.56. The PDC is SkillsFuture Credit claimable.

Prospects: Course finishers can look forward to expanded job scopes, and increasing their mastery through higher-level Digital Marketing related programmes.

4. Singapore University of Social Sciences – Graduate Diploma in Digital Marketing

Delivered by faculty and industry experts, the Graduate Diploma in Digital Marketing is for mid-career marketing professionals, business executives, entrepreneurs, and anyone interested in digital marketing. The programme takes in students twice yearly during January and July respectively.

Interested applicants should have an undergraduate degree or equivalent from a recognised institution. The Graduate Diploma is a credit-bearing stackable programme; course finishers can proceed to take the Master of Digital Marketing if they desire.

Accreditation: NA

Programme duration: Part-time, 1 year (lessons are held on weekends or on weekdays, from 7pm-10pm)

Curriculum: Each module is worth either 5 credit units (cu) or 2.5 credit units, and students are expected to complete 30cu of coursework. The modules available are Digital Branding, Digital Marketing Analytics, Platform Strategy, Marketing Engineering, Search Engine Optimization, Consumer Insights with Google Analytics, Social Media Marketing in Practice,  Content Marketing, Mobile Marketing, Influencer Marketing, Search Engine Marketing as well as Smartphone Filmmaking and Visual Storytelling.

Course fees: SGD 14,124 for Singaporeans and Permanent Residents, SGD 16,948.80 for other Singapore-based students. The programme is currently not open to International students.

Prospects: Diploma graduates can expect to take up roles in e-commerce and digital marketing, or progress to managerial positions.

5. Singapore Polytechnic – Specialist Diploma in Digital Marketing & Analytics

Singapore Polytechnic is Singapore’s oldest polytechnic, and its Specialist Diploma in Digital Marketing & Analytics is open to working adults with a relevant Diploma or/and Degree qualification. The course harnesses the combined expertise of three of its schools—the School of Business, the School of Digital Media and Infocomm Technology (DMIT), and the School of Communication, Arts and Social Sciences (CASS) — to offer a comprehensive curriculum.

Programme duration: Part-time basis, 1 year

Accreditation: NA

Curriculum: This Specialist Diploma comprises 6 modules contained within the Digital Marketing Strategies & Analytics Post Diploma Certificate (PDC) and the Social Media Marketing & Analytics PDC. They are:

  • Digital Marketing Fundamentals
  • Digital Marketing Strategies
  • Digital Analytics
  • Social Media Marketing
  • Digital Content Development
  • Social Media Analytics

Course fees: SGD $1,112.27 for Singapore citizens below 40 and SGD $ 741.51 for those aged 40 and above. The course is eligible for the Workforce Training Support (WTS) Scheme and Enhanced Training Support for SME Scheme (ETSS). The course is also SkillsFuture credit eligible.

Prospects: Graduates of this specialist diploma will gain skills in areas such as B2B and B2C marketing, digital media buying and social media crisis management, putting them in good stead for roles in Digital Marketing, Content Strategy and more.

6. PSB Academy – Diploma in Business Administration (Digital Marketing)

PSB Academy’s Diploma in Business Administration (Digital Marketing) is taught at their Marina Square campus, which is conveniently accessible by public transport. The course covers content ranging from paid search engine advertising to social media marketing, and students will also graduate with the Google Analytics certificate.

Programme duration: Full-time and part-time (12 months, with a maximum candidature of 24 months)

Accreditation: PSB Academy is registered with CPE

Curriculum: 9 modules, consisting of Business Decision Making, Digital Marketing Strategy, Digital Engagement and Loyalty, Digital Analytics and more

Course fees: S$6,762.40 (full-time, local admissions), S$5,820.80 (part-time, local admissions), S$11,812.80 (full-time, international admissions). Excludes misc. fees

Prospects: Completion of this diploma will equip you with the skills needed to take up roles such as Social Media Manager, Digital Marketing Manager, and so on. You will also find these skills transferable across various business functions.


1. Singapore Institute of Technology – Bachelor of Science with Honours in Digital Communications and Integrated Media

SIT’s degree focuses on three core areas: Digital Web Analytics, Integrated Media

Management, and Digital Media Production. The program’s industry advisory committee includes industry veterans who have worked in HBO, SPH, and more, with highlight modules covering topics such as Social Media Analytics, and Digital Advertising, Branding, & Campaigning. It culminates in an eight-week Integrated Work-Study Programme that helps you apply what you’ve learnt. Do note that you will be required to submit a media portfolio as part of your application. 

Programme duration: 3 years (full-time)

Accreditation: NA

Curriculum: Modules such as Marketing Communications in the Digital World, Digital Innovations for Integrated Media, Web Metrics with Analytics Platform, Predictive Analytics, Project Management for Creative Industries, and more

Course Fees: SGD 22,500 for Singaporeans, SGD 47,160 for Permanent Residents, SGD 63,558.00 for International students


How to choose a digital marketing course?

Download this free PDF, 5 steps to choosing a Digital Marketing Course from an industry insider's perspective.

Online Courses

1. London Business School – Mastering Digital Marketing: SEM, SEO, Social Media and Beyond programme

The London Business School was founded in 1964. A constituent college of the federal University of London, it ranks second in the Financial Times European Business School Rankings 2021 and has achieved the AACSB, EQUIS, and AMBA accreditations. Their Digital Marketing Programme caters to everyone ranging from non-marketing professionals looking to enter the industry, to traditional marketers. Classes will be taught via a blend of video lectures and live teaching sessions, case studies, peer learning, as well as weekly marketing simulations.

Programme Duration: 3 months, online (6-8 hours/week)

Accreditation: You will graduate with a London Business School certificate of completion.

Curriculum: The programme has a total of 10 modules, covering content marketing, SEO, organic and paid search marketing, mobile app marketing, social media marketing, personalisation marketing as well as omnichannel marketing and strategies.

Course Fees: £2,250 (approx SGD 3,957), with early registration fees available. GST will be charged.

Prospects: Course takers will also be able to meet course mates from around the world and build their peer networks. They can also go on to take 3 other short courses (2 must be taken on campus) to be awarded the Certificate of Management.

View other online courses list:

2. SIM Global Education – Graduate Certificate in Digital Marketing

SIM GE’s Graduate Certificate in Digital Marketing is a 100%-online course. There are 6 intakes yearly and candidates must hold a degree from a recognised university; alternatively, SIM GE also welcomes diploma holders (or those with equivalent qualifications) aged 30 and above with at least 8 years of working experience to apply. During their studies, students can avail of one-to-one support provided.

Programme duration: 24 weeks (8 months part-time)

Accreditation: SIM GE is EduTrust certified

Curriculum: 4 modules, each 6 weeks long. Each module will comprises 6 scheduled learning sessions, with each session consisting an hour of scheduled online teaching and 4 hours of online group and individual activities.

Course Fees: Please enquire directly with SIM GE

ProspectsGraduates will acquire strategic and data-driven understanding to thrive in a digital marketing landscape.

3. Monash University – Digital Marketing Boot Camp

Monash University is a member of the Australian Group of Eight network. The University offers the Digital Marketing Boot Camp online, which covers the fundamental concepts of digital marketing in the areas of marketing strategy, campaign and website optimisation as well as advertising and data automation.

Programme duration: 18 weeks (classes held thrice weekly)

Accreditation: NA

Curriculum: The course covers topics such as lead generation, WordPress, Display Advertising, Customer Relationship Management and more

Course Fees: Please enquire directly with Monash

Prospects: This course also counts towards academic credit for individuals accepted into Monash University’s online Master of Marketing and Digital Communications, or the on-campus Master of Business.

4. RMIT Online – Content and Social Media Marketing

RMIT Online’s courses are offered by RMIT University, one of Australia’s top public universities (ranked =190 and 301–350 in the QS World University Rankings and Times Higher Education University Rankings for 2023 respectively). The Content and Social Media Marketing course aims to help entrepreneurs, small to medium business owners, and junior marketers upskill and graduate knowing how to create a comprehensive content and social media marketing plan and calendar. 

Programme duration: 6 weeks (8 –10 hours weekly)

Accreditation: NA

Curriculum: 6 modules, including an introductory module and a final year project. Module topics include content Ideation, email and web content distribution, and social content distribution

Course Fees: AUD 1,200 (approx. SGD 1074.98)

Prospects: You will earn an RMIT credential. Students will also have access to a learning support team providing 1:1 feedback from industry mentors who hail from organisations such as HubSpot and Merkle.

5. Smartcademy – Intro to Digital Marketing

Smartcademy is a training provider offering courses in in-demand fields, with the goal of growing Singapore’s tech talent. All courses are beginner-friendly and 100% online (live webinars). The Intro to Digital Marketing course offers an extensive overview into the different elements of digital marketing, and is taught by industry practitioners. It will culminate in a capstone project that helps you reinforce your learnings.

Accreditation: NA

Programme duration: 8 lessons, each 3 hours long

Curriculum: The course covers the following topics: the Fundamentals, the Digital Channel Landscape, Organic & Paid Social Media, SEO, Content Marketing, SEM, Analytics and Measurement, CRM & Retention, App and Mobile Growth.

Course Fees: SGD 6,206 (full fee), up to 90% of course can be subsidised under the IBF Standards Training Scheme for eligible individuals. This course is SkillsFuture credit claimable.

Prospects: Smartcademy has industry placement assistance for its alumni, who also will gain access to alumni-only free webinars.

Bonus: Free videos

Started by the team behind Digital Senior, our youtube channel provides you with free education on digital marketing. What’s more, you get to learn the latest tried-and-tested stuff from real digital marketing practitioners. Check out our youtube channel here: Digital Marketing Channel. Don’t forget to subscribe to get updates for more videos!

*As of Oct 2022

Any burning questions about Digital Marketing? Do let us know by leaving us a comment below! We’ll be happy to assist. If you’re a school or organisation with great digital marketing courses we’ve yet to mention, do get in touch—we’d love to add you to the list!

Overwhelmed by the sheer number of digital marketing courses and not sure how to choose one? Check out our course selection tool and simply answer 3 simple questions!

Tired of searching and comparing various digital marketing course?

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20 Data Science & Analytics Courses in Singapore that equip you with the hottest skills of 21st century


Did you know? ‘Data Scientist’ was named the sexiest job of the 21st century by Harvard Business Review. Meanwhile, the very same article tells us that “demand has raced ahead of supply” and that the lack of data scientists “is becoming a serious constraint in some sectors.”

Two years ago, the Data Scientist came in 5th in LinkedIn's 2020 Emerging Jobs Report for Singapore. And with 2022 now upon us, it is still not too late to jump onto the data science bandwagon—education in Singapore certainly has! For this purpose, we’ve gathered the possible options to equip yourself with this skill in Singapore.

Ideally, competitive data science programmes should provide rigorous training in mathematics and statistics, as well as cutting-edge tools used in the industry. Most leading data scientists in the industry today have solid statistics, mathematics, computer science & even economics backgrounds (at the graduate level or above). After all, these are fields where you’re likely to get a strong foundation in quantitative skills.

However, a new breed of data science programmes has arisen globally. This is likely to keep pace with the growing industry demand, perhaps offering unique inter-disciplinary curriculums. Specifically, it is a combination of computer science, statistics, operations research, engineering, business insights & strategy.

Their name? Well, programmes which offer a similar skill-set to data science, but with a greater emphasis on business, usually fall under the title of ‘business analytics’ or just ‘analytics’. Here, we’ve added these programmes to the list to give you another point of view. Oh, and ‘Business intelligence’ is another keyword to look out for!

Without further ado, here's a list of data science offerings in Singapore:

  •  4-year honours degree
  • Collaboration between the Faculty of Science and the School of Computing within the Faculty of Science, jointly offered by the Department of Statistics and Applied Probability and Department of Mathematics
  • Recent programme; the first cohort started in AY2016/2017
  • First Data Science and Analytics Degree Programme in Singapore, with the option to specialise in Operations Research or/and Statistical Methodology.
  • Industry-driven capstone project
  • Modules in mathematics, statistics & computer science
  • Per Annum Tuition Fees (for AY2022/2023 only):
    • Citizens on MoE TG: S$8,200; PR on MoE TG: S$11,500
    • Int’l Students on MoE TG: S$17,550
    • Students not on MoE TG: S$38,200

View other degree courses list:

2. National University of Singapore –B.Sc. Business Analytics

  • 4-year honours degree
  • Offered by NUS’ School of Computing
  • Additional participation from Business School, Faculty of Engineering, Faculty of Science, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences
  • First two years: inter-disciplinary curriculum—mathematics, statistics, accounting, marketing, economics, decision science, industrial & systems engineering, computer science, information systems
  • Years3 & 4: Electives such as in logistics, retailing, healthcare,
  • Per Annum Tuition Fees (for AY2022/2023 only):
  • Citizens on MoE TG: S$8,200; PR on MoE TG: S$11,500
  • Int’l Students on MoE TG: S$17,550
  • Students not on MoE TG: S$38,200

3. NTU – Bachelor of Business, Business Analytics specialisation

  • 3-year honours degree
  • Nanyang Business School—one of Asia’s top business schools
  • Specialisation starts from Year 2 of the bachelor’s degree.
  • Curriculum: business insights, data modelling, data management focus in business operations,
  • Tuition Fees per annum (2022/23 rate):
    • Citizens on MoE TG: S$9,400; PR on MoE TG: S$13,200
    • Int’l Students on MoE TG: S$20,100
    • Students not on MoE TG: S$36,830
  • Admits 60 students each year
  • Career opportunities: management & technology consulting, consumer analytics & marketing, supply chain management, risk management and business forecasting across industries (retail, hospitality, healthcare, finance)

4. James Cook University – Bachelor of Business, Business Intelligence & Information Systems major

  • Full-time: 2 years
  • Curriculum: Fundamentals of Problem Solving and Programming, Web Design and Development, Information Processing and Management, Database Modelling, Collective Intelligence & Social Networks, e-Strategic Management, Data Mining, Information Security
  • Pre-requisites:
    • 12 years education OR JCU Singapore Foundation Programme
    • IELTS 6.0 OR TOEFL iBT 79 and above OR JCU ELP
  • Overall Tuition Fee (including GST, as of  2022):
    • Citizens/PR: S$57,264
    • International: S$59,832
  • Intakes in March, July, November
  • Target Careers: business analyst, e-business manager, information systems consultant, project manager

5. Amity Global Institute – Bachelor of Science Honours in Computer Science (Data Science)

  • Awarded by University of London
  • 3 years (Full time or part-time)
  • Curriculum: machine learning, artificial intelligence, and data analytics. Includes a final project.
  • Pre-requisites: Local polytechnic diploma in any field of study/2 H2 A-Levels passes and 1 H1 A-level pass with GP or KI/equivalent qualification. Mature students who are at least 30 years of age are also welcome and should have at least 8 years of working experience.
  • Fees: $63,500
  • SIM offers the Master of Science in Data Science awarded by the University of London.

How to choose a

Data Science & Analytics course?

Download this free PDF, 5 steps to choosing a Data Science & Analytics Course from an industry insider's perspective.

  • EduTrust PEI – registered with CPE
  • 4 months full-time OR 9 months part-time
  • Receive statements of attainment from SSG as well as a Diploma Certificate from Lithan Academy
  • Curriculum: Azure Machine Learning, Transact-SQL, ggplot2 and more
  • Full Programme Fee: S$1,278 – 5,778 depending on applicable grants and sponsorships
  • SSG funding for citizens/PR
  • Pre-requisites: 3 GCE A-Level passes or its equivalent + minimum 1-year experience in statistics or programming. Applicants should be 21 and above
  • Meant for existing IT professionals and non-IT professionals interested in Data Scientist careers
  • Job placement assistance available after graduation, helping 500 locals (Singaporeans & PRs) found their dream careers every year.
  • Target Job Role: Data Scientist

View other diploma courses list:

2. Singapore Polytechnic – Specialist Diploma in Data Science

  • 1 year (part-time: 2 days a week, 3 hours each)
  • 2 certificates awarded: a Certificate in Fundamentals of Data Science and a Certificate in Data Analytics
  • Curriculum: 4 modules covering Statistics for Data Science, Programming for Data Science, Data Mining Techniques and Applied Statistical Methods
  • Geared towards working adults in sectors that require knowledge in Data Science, who possess a strong foundation in Math
  • Fees range from from S$612.61–5,932. depending on age, citizenship and applicable support schemes.
  • Requirements for admission: An engineering Diploma from a polytechnic in Singapore, or any Diploma/Degree from a poly/uni in Singapore (with a minimum grade in Math). Those with relevant work experience are also welcome to apply.

3. Nanyang Polytechnic – Specialist Diploma in Business & Big Data Analytics

  • 300 hours, with the number of classes per week dependent on the choices of the Post-Diplomas (PDCs) offered (applicants to choose 2 out of 3). 100% online for day classes, blended learning for night classes
  • Curriculum: Choose two out of 3 PDCs (Post-Diploma Certificate in Business Analytics/Post-Diploma Certificate in Big Data Analytics/Post-Diploma Certificate in Big Data Management)
  • Geared towards Business Intelligence (BI) practitioners and IT professionals
  • Fees start from S$370+ and can go up to S$7000+, depending on which PDCs are chosen and applicable support schemes/subsidies.
  • Requirements: A recognized bachelor degree (or higher), preferably in IT, Business, Engineering or Mathematics. Relevant polytechnic diploma graduates with at least 2 years’ related working experience, and working professionals with at least 5 years of relevant experience, would also be considered.

4. Ngee Ann Polytechnic – Diploma in Data Science

  • 3 years full-time
  • Curriculum: Programming, Data Science, Machine Learning, frameworks, and more. Curriculum includes a Capstone project, industry-driven data training, and a one-year Industry Kickstart Programme. It also includes exposure to national level competitions and the opportunity to pursue additional professional certifications
  • Students will be able to receive advanced standing for relevant programmes offered in local universities and overseas
  • Fees (AY 2022): S$3,000 for Singaporeans, S$6,200 for PRs, S$11,400 for international students

How to choose a

Data Science & Analytics course?

Download this free PDF, 5 steps to choosing a Data Science & Analytics Course from an industry insider's perspective.

Short courses

1.  Vertical Institute – Data Science Bootcamp/Data Analytics Bootcamp 

  • 21 hours long – 7 lessons of 3 hours each
  • Taught online via Zoom
  • 1 instructor and 2-3 teaching assistants
  • Institute of Banking and Finance (IBF) accredited with industry-recognised certification
  • Classes conducted by leading experts from Google, Grab, Alibaba and more
  • Beginner-friendly, zero background knowledge required
  • Apply acquired knowledge and skills to create a capstone project solving a real-world data problem
  • Bootcamps: Data Science | Data Analytic | UX design
  • Full course fee is $2,675 before subsidies
  • Course fee reducible to $267.50 to $802.50 upon IBF subsidy (up to 90%, applicable to all Singaporeans and PRs)
  • Remainder can be offset using SkillsFuture Credits and NTUC UTAP

View other short courses list:

2. SUTD – Foundation of Data Science course 

  • 4 days, once a week
  • By SUTD Information Systems Technology and Design (ISTD) dept
  • As the course title says, it is a basic course introducing data science, open to beginners with basic computer knowledge
  • Pre-requisites: none
  • Curriculum: Introduction to data science, data visualisation, Business statistics, quizzes and project design
  • Part of the Skillsfuture series of courses, 2023’s Mar intake is currently accepting applications. There may be course dates for their Introduction to Data Science course.
  • Fees:  S$4,815, S$544.50 – S$1444.50 depending on receivable grants

3: SUSS – Fundamentals of data mining

  • 6 months (part-time)
  • The course gives a brief overview of data mining (methodologies, preparations and explorations), and then goes ahead to introduce how these can be applied to business analytics problems.
  • Pre-requisites: At least a polytechnic diploma
  • Curriculum: Topics include Process of data mining as well as Model evaluation
  • Skillsfuture claimable
  • Fees: S$1,378.00 (pre-grant)

4. General Assembly – Data Science Course: Singapore

  • Taught by data professionals from top companies like Atlassian, Capital One, and Deloitte
  • 60 hours of coursework and up to 25 hours of self-paced pre-work. Includes a capstone project.
  • 10 weeks online (held in the evenings)
  • Fees: S$5,350 without company sponsorship,, with instalment plans available

5.  UpLevel – Data Science Project-Based Learning Course

  • 4 – 6 weeks of hands-on learning
  • Complete your very own data science project
  • Curriculum: hard skills and soft skills. Please enquire with them for more information
  • Pre-requisites: A basic level of proficiency in Python
  • Fees: Credit-based model. Various credit and subscription packages are available

6. Heicoders Academy – Artificial Intelligence Track

  • Curriculum is developed by a team of data science professionals who studied and worked in Silicon Valley. Their instructors are data science professionals currently working in large MNCs and tech companies.
  • Their artificial intelligence track comprises 2 courses:
  • Course duration:
    • 24 hours of class time (3 hours/week)
    • 15-24 hours spent on weekly take-home assignments and capstone projects (data visualisation project for AI100 and machine learning prediction competition for AI200)
  • Curriculum: Python programming, interactive data visualisation, geospatial visualisation, regression and classification models, ensemble learning, clustering models, feature engineering and recommender systems
  • Fees: $120–2400, depending on relevant subsidies

7. Hackwagon – Data Science 101

  • Curriculum is beginner friendly
  • Their data science track comprises Data Science 101, Data Science 102 and Data Science 103
  • Course duration:
  • 21 hours of class time (3 hours/week)
  • 15-24 hours spent on weekly take-home assignments and capstone projects (data visualisation project for AI100 and machine learning prediction competition for AI200)
  • Curriculum: Projects, Python expressions, Structures, Collections and Iterations
  • Fees: As low as S$200 depending on relevant subsidies (amount may increase after 31 Dec 2022)


1. NTU – Master of Science in Analytics

  • One-year programme by coursework
  • Interdisciplinary: School of Physical & Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), School of Computer Engineering, and Nanyang Business School
  • Curriculum: statistics, optimization, and data analysis; exposure to software systems, practical applications, and case studies.
  • Meant for both fresh graduates and working adults with degrees in quantitative majors
  • Industry partners – PWC, Breadtalk, Charles & Keith, JR Group Holdings
  • Students will be attached to one of the partners as interns
  • Open to fresh graduates and working adults with relevant degrees and working experience. Those who do not have sufficient mathematical knowledge will have to take a bridging module, Mathematics for Artificial Intelligence
  • Tuition Fees for AY2022/2023 (inclusive of GST):
    • Citizens: S$39,000
    • PR : S$46,500
    • International: S$58,000
    • NTU alumni are entitled to 10% off tuition fees (before GST)

View other masters courses list:

2. SMU – Master of IT in Business, Analytics track

  • Full-time 1-2 years; Part-time 2-4 years
  • By School of Information Systems
  • Meant for professionals with computer science, information systems, engineering or science background
  • Pre-requisites: GRE/GMAT; TOEFL/IELTS; bachelor’s degree in fields mentioned above; 2 or more years of relevant work experience preferred
  • Curriculum: Analytics Technology & Applications, IT & Project Management, General Management for Technology & Operations, Internship/Capstone Project
  • Strong industry links; industry seminar and networking once a month
  • Two intakes each year: January, August
  • Tuition Fees (Aug 2019 intake onwards): S$48,150

3. National University of Singapore – M.S. Business Analytics

  • Part-time (4 semesters or 2 years); Full-time (2 semesters or 1 year)
  • Collaboration between NUS Business School (3rd in Asia) and NUS School of Computing (1st in Asia)
  • Close industry links – e.g. IBM
  • Industry-linked capstone consulting project
  • Five essential modules: statistics, deterministic operations research, analytics in managerial economics, decision-making technologies, data management and warehousing
  • Pre-requisites: First-year calculus and linear algebra
  • Good GRE/GMAT Quants score (some exceptions)
  • 2 years’ industry experience
  • Overall Tuition Fee (2021/22 intake, pre GST)
  • Citizens & PR: S$53,000
  • International: S$58,000

4. PSB Academy – Master of Analytics

  • Awarded by Massey University, NZ
  • Full-time 12 months, Part-time 24 months
  • Consists of Finance Track and Marketing Track
  • Compulsory modules include Introduction to Analytics, Multivariate Analysis for Big Data, Practical Data Mining, and Applied Econometric Methods
  • Applied Analytics Final Project
  • Pre-requisites: Bachelors’ Degree with B+ average, an IELTS 6.5 score of no less than 6.0
  • Upon completion of this degree, you will receive the globally-recognised SAS certification.
  • Fees: S$27,071.00
  • Note: SPMS also offers a Business Analytics track in their B.Sc. (Hons) Mathematical Sciences programme
  • As always, choose a programme in line with your needs and situation. In the meantime, you can stay updated with the latest happenings in data science by following DataScience SG on Facebook or by attending their events. Specifically, be on the lookout for data science ‘boot camps’ as well as MOOC specializations, though these may not give you the adequate depth to start a career in this field.

    Disclaimer: Ultimately, these programmes are listed in no particular order. Next, the fees and other data are accurate as of Nov 2022 unless otherwise reflected. Also, do note that this list is not an endorsement of the programmes within. Naturally, you should always do adequate research to see if a programme is a good fit for you!


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