Graduate Employment Survey by Course Clusters 2021

Published in 2022

14,921 fresh and 1,100 follow-up graduates from NUS, NTU, SMU and SUSS were surveyed in November 2021 and the overall response rates obtained were 75.2% and 71.6% respectively.

2021 GES Employment Rates and Salaries of NTU, NUS, SMU and SUSS Graduates by Course Clusters

Source: MOE

Refer to our university course selection guide on how to use the information here effectively to aid your selection of a course/major.

Additional Notes:

1. The employment rates refer to the number of graduates employed as a proportion of economically active graduates (i.e. graduates who have entered the labour market) as at 1 Nov 2021 (i.e. approximately 6 months after completing their final examinations).

2. The Joint Graduate Employment Survey is conducted by the six Autonomous Universities (NTU, NUS, SIT, SMU, SUSS and SUTD) every year to collect information on the employment status of graduates around six months after the completion of their final examinations. Due to their different academic calendars, NUS, NTU, SMU and SUSS conduct their surveys in November each year, while SUTD and SIT conduct their surveys in February and March respectively. The 2021 results detailed above are for NUS, NTU, SMU and SUSS.

3. Appendix lists all courses under each course cluster. Course-level employment indicators can be found in the respective AUs’ web publications at

4. Overall employment rate refers to the number of graduates working on a full-time permanent, part-time, temporary or freelance basis, as a proportion of graduates in the labour force (i.e. those who were working, or not working but actively looking and available for work).

5. Full-time permanent employment refers to employment of at least 35 hours a week and where the employment is not temporary. It includes those on contracts of one year or more.

6. Gross monthly salary pertains only to full-time permanently employed graduates. It comprises basic salary, overtime payments, commissions, fixed allowances and other regular cash payments, before deductions of the employee’s CPF contributions and personal income tax. Employer’s CPF contributions, bonuses, stock options, lump sum payments, and payments-in-kind are excluded.

7. Data on Biomedical Sciences and Chinese Medicine, Law, Medicine, and Pharmacy graduates are obtained from a follow-up survey on 2018/2019/2020 graduates after they have completed their one-year practical law course/pupillage/housemanship/first-year residency/practical training. Data on architecture graduates are obtained from a follow-up survey on 2016/2017/2018 architecture graduates after they have completed
their practical training.

8. **: No data is shown for certain years due to the small number of graduates and/or low response rates.

Appendix: List of Course Clusters and Courses

Frequently Asked Questions:

1. What is median salary?
The median monthly salary is the salary of the ‘central’ (i.e. 50th Percentile) graduate in a set of full-time permanently employed graduates when they are arranged in a sequential order by salary. The median is a useful reference when the salary data is not evenly distributed (e.g. when the group contains graduates with exceptionally low or high salaries, especially when the number of respondents is relatively small).

2. What do the 25th and 75th percentile gross monthly salaries indicate?
If there are 100 students from that course who responded, then the 25th percentile (i.e. the lower quartile) gross monthly salary indicates that 75 graduates earn more than that salary, and the 75th percentile (i.e. the upper quartile) indicates that 25 graduates earn more than the gross monthly salary indicated.

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